Fixed Deposit (FD): Meaning & Definition
Fixed Deposits (FD) are investment instruments offered by banks and non-banking financial companies, where you can deposit money for a higher rate of interest than savings accounts. You can deposit a lump sum of money in fixed deposits for a specific period, ranging from 7 days to 10 years.
Once the money is invested with a reliable financier, it starts earning an interest based on the duration of the deposit. Usually, the defining criteria for FD are that the money cannot be withdrawn before maturity, but you may withdraw them after paying a penalty.
Features of Fixed Deposits
• Fixed deposits enable investors to earn higher interest on their surplus funds
• You can deposit money in a fixed deposit account only once, but to deposit more money, you need to create another account
• Though liquidity in fixed deposits is lesser, you can look for higher rates of interests, which are higher in case of company fixed deposits
• Fixed deposits can be easily renewed
• Tax is deducted at source, from interest on Fixed Deposits as applicable, as per the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Benefits of Fixed Deposits
There are several advantages of fixed deposit investments, some of which have been given below:
• They are the safest investment instruments, and offer greater stability
• Returns on fixed deposits are assured, and there is no risk of loss of principal
• There is no effect of market fluctuations on your fixed deposits, which ensures greater safety of your investment capital
• You can benefit from higher interest rates offered by company fixed deposits
• Some financiers also offer greater returns for senior citizens
Bajaj Finance FD (Fixed Deposit) enables you to earn greater returns with a higher interest rate. You can also leverage benefits of flexible tenor, easy online application processes, and start investing with just Rs. 25,000.
Taxability on Fixed Deposits
The interest earned from fixed deposits is taxable. The tax deducted at source on FDs can range from 0% to 30%, depending on income tax bracket of the investor. Financiers deduct 10% TDS if your interest earned is more than Rs. 10,000 in a year, if your PAN details are available with them. However, in case your PAN details are not provided to your financial institution, 20% TDS will be deducted.
If your total income is below the minimum tax slab of 10%, you can claim a refund of the deducted TDS. You can also avoid the deduction by submitting Form 15G to your financial institution, and submitting Form 15H if you’re a senior citizen. If you fall in the higher tax bracket (20% or 30%), you would have to pay extra tax over and above the TDS deducted by your NBFC or bank
Also Read: Different Types of Fixed Deposits