What is Recurring Deposit (RD)

Understand types, features, and the online application process of recurring deposit.
Recurring Deposit
4 mins
19-April-2024

A recurring deposit (RD) is a popular investment option where an investor deposits a fixed sum of money at periodic intervals for a fixed tenure. The interest rates on RDs are fixed, but generally, they offer higher returns than savings accounts. RDs are flexible investment options, and the interest earned is taxable. In this article, we will learn about different aspects of recurring deposits.

What is the meaning of Recurring Deposit or RD

A recurring deposit is a term deposit offered by many Indian banks and post offices that allows people to make regular deposit into their recurring deposit account and earn decent interest. It is an investment tool that provides flexibility and ease of investments to individuals. RDs are different from fixed deposits as they are flexible in most aspects. An RD account holder can choose to invest a fixed amount each month instead of investing a lump sum amount at once.

While RD offer a convenient way to build savings over time, FD typically offer higher interest rates for those able to invest a lump sum.

Addition read: Recurring Deposit Calculator

Features of Recurring Deposit

Here are features of RDs:

  1. The minimum deposit amount varies between financial institutions, with some accepting amounts as low as Rs. 10.
  2. The deposit period ranges from a minimum of 6 months to a maximum of 10 years.
  3. The interest rate varies among different financial institutions but generally it ranges from 4% to 8%.
  4. Some financial institutions allow premature withdrawal but with some penalty charges. In some cases, they may not allow premature withdrawals at all. Make sure to check the terms and conditions before investing.
  5. Investment in RD account can be deposited periodically through standing instructions. Customers instruct the bank to credit the RD account every month from their current or savings account.

Types of Recurring Deposits (RD)

Here is a list of types of RDs:

  1. Regular RD accounts
    Tailored for Indian residents aged 18 years or above, regular RD accounts facilitate fixed monthly deposits over a predetermined period. The interest calculated using compound or simple interest methods, depends on the account's tenure.
  2. RD accounts for minors
    Accounts for minors, below 18 years, can be opened under parental or guardian supervision. Like regular RDs, fixed monthly instalments and a specified tenure are established at account initiation, with returns comparable or slightly higher than regular RD.
  3. RD accounts for senior citizens
    Different financial institutions offer specialised RD accounts for senior citizens (aged 60 and above), providing potentially higher interest compared to regular accounts. Interest compounds quarterly in these accounts, catering to the financial needs of the senior citizens.
    For even greater returns, consider a Bajaj Finance FD alongside your senior citizen RD. Bajaj Finance offers senior citizens additional interest of up to 0.25% p.a. on their FD.
  4. NRE/NRO RD accounts
    Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) can opt for Non-Resident External (NRE) and Non-Resident Ordinary (NRO) RD accounts. These accounts enable NRIs to earn competitive interest and systematically invest in recurring deposit.

How to open an RD account online

Here are the steps to open an RD account online:

  1. Log in to your account via net banking or mobile app.
  2. Click 'Open an e-RD Account' on the dashboard.
  3. Specify the account number, instalment amount, and duration. Check the applicable interest rate and nominate a beneficiary for account proceeds.
  4. Tick the checkbox to agree to the terms and conditions.
  5. Submit the application.
  6. A confirmation message will be displayed, and an email with the RD receipt will be sent to your registered email address. The specified amount will be debited.

Note: This process of opening an RD account online may differ for different financial institutions.

Documents required to open a Recurring Deposit account

Here is a list of documents required to open an RD account:

  • Application form: Complete the designated application form provided by the financial institution.
  • Photograph: Attach passport-sized photographs of the account applicant.
  • ID and address proof: Furnish a valid ID proof (Aadhar card, passport, voter ID, or driver's license) and an address proof (utility bill or Aadhar card).
  • KYC documents: Provide KYC documents as per the financial institution's requirements.

Also read: Types of RD

Important factors to consider before applying for Recurring Deposit

Here is a list of important factors to consider before applying for RD:

  1. Interest rate
    One of the primary factors to consider is the interest rate offered by the financial institution. Interest rates may vary among financial institutions, and a slightly higher rate can significantly impact the returns on your investment. Compare rates across different financial institutions to make an informed decision.
  2. Tenure options
    RDs come with varying tenure options, ranging from a few months to several years. Assess your financial goals and choose a tenure that suits your needs. Keep in mind that longer tenures generally give higher interest rates, but they also mean committing to a more extended saving period.
  3. Penalty for premature withdrawal
    Most financial institutions provide the option for premature withdrawal. If you opt for an early withdrawal, the interest will be calculated based on the completed tenure, and the financial institution will impose a penalty. Therefore, it is advisable to select a financial institution with a higher interest rate and a lower penalty on premature withdrawal before making your investment decision.
  4. Minimum and maximum deposit limits
    Different financial institutions may have different limits for minimum and maximum deposits. Ensure that these limits align with your financial goal. Some financial institutions may allow flexible deposit amounts, accommodating changes in your monthly budget.
  5. Tax implications
    Consider the tax implications of the interest earned on your RD. TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) is applicable if the interest income exceeds a certain threshold. Understanding the tax implications will help you plan your finances better.

Bajaj Finance FD vs Recurring deposit

Features Bajaj Finance FD Recurring Deposit
Interest Rates Up to 8.65% p.a. 4% to 8%
Minimum Investment Rs. 15,000 Rs. 100 (vary among different financial institutions)
Tenure 12 months to 60 months 6 months to 10 years
Taxation TDS is applicable if the interest earned exceeds Rs. 40,000

TDS is applicable if the interest earned exceeds Rs. 10,000


Conclusion

Recurring deposits serve as an easy and secure investment option, fostering financial discipline while catering to diverse needs. Whether for minors securing their financial future or senior citizens seeking additional returns, RDs provide a structured path towards wealth creation.

Disclaimer

As regards deposit taking activity of Bajaj Finance Ltd (BFL), the viewers may refer to the advertisement in the Indian Express (Mumbai Edition) and Loksatta (Pune Edition) furnished in the application form for soliciting public deposits or refer https://www.bajajfinserv.in/fixed-deposit-archives
The company is having a valid Certificate of Registration dated March 5, 1998 issued by the Reserve Bank of India under section 45 IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. However, the RBI does not accept any responsibility or guarantee about the present position as to the financial soundness of the company or for the correctness of any of the statements or representations made or opinions expressed by the company and for repayment of deposits/discharge of the liabilities by the company.

For the FD calculator the actual returns may vary slightly if the Fixed Deposit tenure includes a leap year.