Section 24 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, is a critical provision that allows taxpayers to claim deductions on the interest paid on a home loan. This provision provides significant relief to taxpayers who have availed of home loans to purchase or construct a house property.
Understanding section 24
Section 24 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, deals with the deduction of interest on home loans. According to this section, an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) can claim a deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakh on the interest paid on a home loan in a financial year. This deduction is available for self-occupied properties. However, if the construction is not finished within five years from the end of the financial year when the loan was disbursed, you can only claim a deduction of Rs. 30,000.
If you have rented out the property, you can claim the entire interest repaid on the home loan as a deduction.
It is important to note that the deduction under section 24(b) is available only for the interest paid on the home loan, and not the principal amount. Additionally, you can claim a maximum of Rs. 30,000 for the interest paid on loan taken for repairs, renovation, or any other purpose.
If you repay the home loan before the construction is completed, you can claim the total amount eligible for deduction in five equal instalments. You can claim the deduction over five financial years in succession from the year the construction is completed.
Conditions for claiming deduction under section 24
There are a few conditions that a taxpayer must fulfil to claim deductions under section 24. These conditions are as follows:
- The loan must be taken for the purchase, construction, repair, or renovation of a house property.
- The loan must be taken from a bank, a financial institution, or a housing finance company.
- The loan must be taken on or after April 1, 1999.
- You must have the interest certificate for the interest payable on the loan.
- The construction of the house property must be completed within five years from the end of the financial year in which you took the loan.
If the taxpayer satisfies these conditions, they can claim a deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakh (or Rs. 30,000, whichever is applicable) on the interest paid on the home loan in a financial year.
Section 24 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, is an essential provision that provides significant relief to taxpayers who have availed of home loans to purchase or construct a house property. The deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakh on the interest paid on a home loan is a considerable relief, especially given the high cost of owning a home in the country.
The conditions laid down under section 24 must be satisfied to claim the deduction. Therefore, taxpayers must carefully evaluate their eligibility before claiming deductions under this section.
** If you want to avail of tax deductions under section 24, you must opt for the old tax regime. These benefits have been excluded from the new tax regime with effect from April 1, 2023.