A supply chain is a network of suppliers, individuals, technology, organisations, activities, and resources of a business for delivering a product or service. All these entities could be a part of the sourcing, procuring raw materials or equipment, manufacturing, selling, or all logistical processes that ultimately helps to deliver finished goods to the end users.
Typical of manufacturing companies, supply chain now also extends to other traditional business models. The type of supply chain and its complexity, however, primarily depends on the nature of a business. Like, a business operating on the make-to-order model does not store finished products. Its warehouse thus consists of raw material. Similarly, a business operating in the assembly model requires managing different types of stock.
Considering these requirements, SC has evolved into several different types and its models are followed accordingly. Here is a brief synopsis of different types of SC models.
To explain this supply chain meaning, it ensures stability of supply during high demands. This model of supply chain thus suits manufacturers involved in a single line of products manufactured in bulk.
Businesses that manufacture or sell trendy products that have a short life cycle find a fast model for the suitable supply chain process.
The efficient model of SC is implemented where supply chains require end-to-end efficiency. Businesses operating in highly competitive market thus opt for this SC type.
Businesses involved with operations in assembling and production line find implementing custom configured SC, which is a hybrid of the continuous flow and the agile model.
The agile model suits businesses that are involved in production or manufacturing of items with special order.
A flexible SC allows businesses to keep a balance between periods of high demand and low-volume movements.
Supply Chain Management (SCM) is thus, explained as the management of a supply chain to increase its operational excellence and improve customer value.
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