Regarded as the second-most unequal region in the world, in terms of income inequality, it comes as no surprise that India also has a problem with homelessness. In fact, the last census found around 6.5 crore people living in urban slums. Homelessness is the grim reality many citizens in urban and rural areas grapple with. However, this isn’t to say that the Government of India hasn’t been proactive about solving this issue. In 1985, under Rajiv Gandhi, Indira Awaas Yojana, which is the IAY full form, was launched and this initiative focused on providing housing for the rural population in India.
Fast forward 40 years, the then Indira Gandhi Awas Yojana Gramin scheme is no longer known by the same name but its provisions, goals, and features are still very much in effect under the PMAY initiative. Through this, the Government of India aims to provide housing for all, not just the rural population, through the construction of millions of homes.
However, any comprehensive IAY report will show you that PMAY was built on the foundation laid by the IAY scheme. So, for a detailed breakdown of the IAY scheme, details of its operations in India, and to understand why it has been renamed as PMAY, read on.
IAY, otherwise known as Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana (PMGAY) or IAY Gramin, was a sub-scheme of the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) and a social welfare programme that was first launched by Rajiv Gandhi in 1985. It was the flagship housing programme of the Ministry of Rural Development and worked toward constructing houses for the below-poverty-line (BPL) population in rural India. In the financial year 1995-96, the IAY extended its aid to widows and close relatives of defence personnel killed in action as well.
As the IAY was a social welfare scheme, a lot of the key features were designed to empower citizens, beyond simply putting a roof over their heads. To understand further, consider the following pointers.
The benefits of this social welfare scheme were as follows.
IAY was primarily aimed at providing housing for the poor in rural societies of India. So, households under the BPL were the primary beneficiaries; however, IAY was not restricted to just that category. Here is a list of all those eligible under this scheme.
The IAY scheme made accessible reserve funds from the Central Government to ensure that certain special projects across the states were carried out smoothly. They are as follows:
There is no official reason for why the Government of India renamed the Indira Gandhi Awaas Yojana scheme to the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana scheme. That said, under PMAY, urban citizens can also access affordable housing via a home loan interest subsidy. Based on your income-group categorisation, you can get an interest subsidy through PMAY’s CLSS component of up to Rs.2.67 lakh. All you need to do is partner with an empanelled lender.
When you opt for the Bajaj Housing Finance Limited Home Loan, you get an interest subsidy of up to Rs.2.67 lakh, alongside a loan of up to Rs.3.5 crore, attractive interest rates, and a tenor that ranges up to 30 years.
You also get access to Property Search services, which includes legal aid and expert counsel to ensure you make the best decision for your profile. Additionally, thanks to its simple criteria and minimal need for documentation, getting started is also a straightforward and speedy process. Simply fill the online application form and an authorised representative will contact you at the earliest.