What is property tax?

Property tax is an annual tax that must be paid by a landowner to the government-mandated local body or the Municipal Corporation. The tax applicable is based on the tax as well as the manner of valuation, which usually varies between municipal authorities across the country.

How to calculate property tax

  • Unit area value system: Unit Area Value System, or UAS, is calculated based on the per-unit price of the built-up area of a particular property. The tax slab per square foot of built-up area is fixed depending on the expected market price of that property (calculated depending on the location, usage, and land price). Several municipalities utilise this method. Municipalities in Kolkata, Patna, Bengaluru, as well as EDMC property tax and NDMC property tax, follow this mode of calculation.
  • Rateable value system: Rateable Value System or RVS calculates property tax based on the annual rental value of a particular property. The amount is decided by the municipal authority based on the size, location, condition of the property, amenities, etc. This system is followed by municipalities in Hyderabad and Chennai.
  • Capital value system: Capital Value System is calculated based on the total market value of a property. This rate is revised and published every year, prevalent in multiple Tier-I cities such as Mumbai.

What is the purpose of property tax in India

Property tax in India serves several important purposes, and it is a significant source of revenue for local municipal bodies. The key purposes of property tax in India include:

  1. Local government revenue:
    Property tax is a primary source of revenue for local municipal bodies or urban local bodies. The funds generated through property tax contribute to the development and maintenance of civic amenities and infrastructure in the local area.

  2. Infrastructure development:
    The revenue generated from property tax is utilized for various infrastructure development projects within the local jurisdiction. This includes the construction and maintenance of roads, drainage systems, parks, and other public amenities.

  3. Public services and utilities:
    Property tax funds are used to provide essential public services and utilities such as water supply, sanitation, street lighting, and waste management. These services contribute to the overall well-being and quality of life in the local community.

  4. Urban planning and development:
    Property tax plays a crucial role in urban planning and development. The funds collected are often used to implement planned development projects, regulate land use, and enhance the overall urban environment.

  5. Maintenance of common areas:
    Property tax revenue is utilized for the maintenance and upkeep of common areas, including public parks, playgrounds, and community facilities. This ensures that residents have access to well-maintained recreational spaces.

  6. Municipal governance:
    Property tax is an essential component of the fiscal autonomy of local municipal bodies. It allows them to have financial independence and govern efficiently by catering to the specific needs and priorities of the local community.

  7. Equitable distribution of burden:
    Property tax is based on the principle of wealth or property ownership. It ensures that individuals who own properties contribute to the local government funds based on the value and type of property they possess. This helps in achieving a more equitable distribution of the tax burden.

  8. Encouragement of proper land use:
    Property tax rates may be structured to encourage proper land use and discourage the hoarding of vacant land. This can promote efficient use of urban spaces and discourage property owners from keeping valuable land unused.

  9. Revenue for local services:
    Property tax revenues are directly allocated for local services, and the collection is often earmarked for specific purposes such as education, healthcare, and social welfare within the local jurisdiction.

How to pay property tax online?

Some municipalities also allow you to pay property tax online. This provision can help save a lot of time and can make it easy to maintain records of payments as well. A benefit of timely tax payment is that it aids applications for secured loans. Borrowers can enjoy loan against property tax benefits of up to Rs. 2 lakh if the funds are utilised in accordance with the end usage criteria suggested in Section 24(B).

On what types of property tax is deducted

Property tax is collected on all tangible real estate properties, which include the following:

  • Residential and commercial buildings
  • Attached lands
  • Rented houses
  • Flats

However, this municipal tax is not levied on vacant plots that have no adjoining buildings as it is only applicable to constructed buildings.

Property Tax in Other Cities


Property Tax


Property Tax in Delhi


Property Tax in Mumbai

Tamil Nadu

Property Tax in Tamil Nadu

Frequently asked questions

What is meant by property tax?

Property tax, also known as real estate or house tax, is a local government tax imposed on the ownership of real property, including land and buildings. It serves as a crucial source of revenue for local municipalities, funding public services and infrastructure.

What is the property tax in India?

The rates and regulations vary by state and city, as property tax is determined by local authorities. Property tax is assessed based on factors like annual rental value or capital value. Property owners must pay this tax to fund local services and infrastructure.

Why is property tax important?

Property tax is important in India for various reasons. It serves as a significant source of revenue for local governing bodies, funding essential services and infrastructure. It follows a decentralised governance model, allowing local authorities to set tax rates and allocate revenue based on community needs.

How can I pay property tax in Delhi?

Follow the below steps to pay the property tax in Delhi:

  1. Ensure property assessment is accurate
  2. Check the tax amount based on property details
  3. Choose payment mode: online or offline
  4. Make the payment
How to pay property tax online in New Delhi?
  1. Visit the MCD website
  2. Enter property details and verify the tax amount
  3. Choose an online payment method
  4. Complete the transaction and save the payment receipt for reference
How much is the property tax rate in India?

The property tax rate in India varies across states and municipalities. On average, it can range from 5% to 20% of the property's annual rental value or the property's market value. Specific rates are determined by local authorities, and property owners should check with their municipal corporation or local government for the applicable rates in their area.

Who pays the property tax in India?

In India, property tax is typically paid by the property owner. The individual or entity that owns the property, whether residential or commercial, is responsible for paying the property tax to the local municipal authority or governing body.

At what time of the year is property tax paid?

The timing for property tax payment in India varies among municipalities, but it is commonly due annually. Property tax payments are often expected during the first quarter of the financial year, with deadlines typically falling between April and June. Property owners should check with their local municipal authorities for specific deadlines and procedures in their area.

Is there any rebate on property tax in India?

Yes, many municipalities in India offer rebates on property tax for prompt and early payments. The rebate percentage and conditions vary by local authorities, and property owners should check with their municipal corporation for specific details.

What type of property is free of tax?

In India, agricultural land is generally exempt from property tax. However, property tax regulations may vary among states and municipalities, and exemptions can depend on factors such as land use and local government policies.

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