How to register for GST online

Learn about the documents required and the steps to register for your Goods and Services Tax online.
Business Loan
4 min read 
25 March 2024

Under the present GST regime, every individual or company that supplies goods and services must register under Goods and Services Tax (GST). So, if you run a business with an annual turnover that exceeds Rs. 20 lakh (in all Indian states, other than north-eastern states), you will have to register with GSTN (Goods and Services Tax network).

Once you have registered under this regime, you will receive a unique GSTIN (Goods and Services Tax Identification Number). The Central government issues a state-wise, 15-digit number to you once you complete registration. There are many advantages of GST registration, one of which is getting a legal identity as a supplier. You can also avail of the input tax credit and collect GST from recipients of goods and services.

Who should register for GST?

In India, any business whose annual turnover exceeds Rs. 40 lakh (or Rs. 20 lakh for businesses operating in north eastern states) is required to register under Goods and Services Tax (GST). Additionally, businesses involved in e-commerce, regardless of their annual turnover, are also required to register for GST. Service providers and suppliers who supply goods or services from one state to another are also required to register for GST, regardless of their turnover. However, some businesses such as agricultural producers or small-scale cottage industries are exempt from GST registration.

What is GST registration?

Goods and Services Tax (GST) registration is the process by which a business obtains a unique registration number that allows it to collect GST on behalf of the government and claim input tax credits for the GST paid on its purchases. GST registration is mandatory for businesses with an annual turnover above a certain threshold and is essential for complying with GST laws.

Here are the types of GST registration:

  1. Regular GST registration: Mandatory for businesses with turnover exceeding the threshold limit.
  2. Composition scheme: For small businesses with turnover up to INR 1.5 crores.
  3. Casual taxable person: Non-residents or occasional interstate traders.
  4. Non-resident taxable person: Non-residents supplying taxable goods/services.
  5. Input Service Distributor (ISD): Distributes input tax credit within the organization.
  6. TDS/TCS deductors: Required to deduct or collect tax at source.
  7. UN bodies/embassies: Mandatory for certain entities like UN bodies or embassies.
  8. E-commerce operators: Mandatory for e-commerce operators.
  9. Agents of a supplier: Agents supplying goods/services on behalf of other registered suppliers.

Documents required for GST registration

Look at the documents that you will need to upload while registering under GST.

  • PAN card of the applicant.
  • Partnership deed or incorporation certificate.
  • PAN cards, voter IDs, or Aadhaar cards of promoters and/ or partners.
  • Address proof of the business in the form of an electricity bill, rent, or lease agreement or for an SEZ, documents issued by the government.
  • Bank account statement of the company, firm, or individual.

Online GST registration process

You can register for GST online through a government portal or register at a GST Seva Kendra.

Look at how to register for GST online in a few easy steps

  • Go to the GST portal.
  • Click on ‘registration’ under the ‘services’ tab and click on ‘New registration’.


  • Select ‘taxpayer’ from the drop-down menu.
  • Now, fill form GST REG-01 for your new registration and enter details such as the legal name of your business, state, email address, mobile number, and PAN card.
  • Verify that your information by entering the one-time password sent to your mobile number and email ID, and click on ‘Proceed’.
  • After verification, you will receive a Temporary Reference Number (TRN) when you complete the process and move to Part B. Note down this number.

GST registration – PART B

  • To start with part B, log in with your TRN and enter the CAPTCHA code. Complete the OTP verification with the OTP sent to your email id and registered mobile number. You will then be redirected to the GST registration page.
  • Submit business information such as your company's name, PAN, the state where you are registering your business, date of business commencement. Here, you have to mention if you have any existing registrations.
  • Then, submit details of up to 10 promoters or partners of your business. In the case of a proprietorship firm, you will have to submit the details of the proprietor. You will have to provide personal details, designation, DIN (document identification number), PAN, and Aadhaar number.
  • Next, submit the details of the person you have authorised to file GST returns.
  • Add the principal place of business, enter the address, official contact details, and nature of possession of premises.
  • Add details of any additional places of business, details of goods and services to be supplied, and the company's bank account details.
  • Upload the required documents based on the type of business that you are registering.
  • Now click on ‘Save and continue’. Once you submit the application, you will need to sign it digitally.
  • Click on ‘Submit’ to save your details.
  • After submission, you will receive an Application Reference Number (ARN) via email or SMS to confirm your registration.

Additional Read: How to calculate GST

GST registration via authentication of Aadhaar

GST registration via authentication of Aadhaar allows individuals to register for GST using their Aadhaar number. This process simplifies registration by pre-filling certain details from the Aadhaar database, reducing the need for manual data entry. It streamlines the registration process, making it quicker and more efficient, especially for individuals who may not have all the necessary documents readily available.

How to check GST registration status online?

To check the GST registration status online, follow these steps:

  1. Visit the official GST portal at and click on the 'Services' tab.
  2. From the drop-down menu, click on 'Registration' and then choose 'Track Application Status.'
  3. Enter your Application Reference Number (ARN) in the required field and provide your captcha code.
  4. Click on the 'Search' button, and the status of your GST registration application will be displayed.

If you have not applied for GST registration yet, you can apply online by visiting the same official GST portal and selecting the 'New Registration' option under the 'Services' tab. Follow the instructions provided and fill in all the required details as per your business registration documents. Once submitted, you will receive an ARN, which can be used to track the status of your GST registration application online following the aforementioned steps.

How to download the GST registration certificate?

To download the GST registration certificate, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to the GST portal using your credentials.
  2. Go to the "Services" tab and select "User Services."
  3. Click on "View/Download Certificates."
  4. Choose the "GST Registration Certificate" option.
  5. Enter the required details, such as GSTIN or ARN.
  6. Click on the "Download" button.
  7. The certificate will be downloaded in PDF format.
  8. Save or print the certificate for your records.

GST registration exemption

Under GST, certain businesses are exempt from GST registration, including:

  1. Small businesses with a turnover below the threshold limit.
  2. Individuals engaged in exempt supplies only.
  3. Agriculturists selling produce out of cultivation.
  4. Persons supplying goods/services that are not liable to tax or are wholly exempt.
  5. Specific categories of persons as notified by the government. Exemption from GST registration simplifies compliance for these businesses.

Benefits of GST registration online

GST registration online offers several benefits for businesses, including:

  1. Legitimacy: GST registration is a legal requirement for businesses with an annual turnover beyond a certain limit. Registering online not only ensures compliance but also assures legitimacy to the business.
  2. Tax credit: Online GST registration enables businesses to claim tax credit on any purchases made for business purposes. This can provide significant cost savings for the business.
  3. Inter-state business: With GST registration online, businesses can carry out inter-state business operations without any additional taxes or levies.
  4. E-commerce: Online sellers can benefit from GST registration by being able to sell on e-commerce portals without worrying about compliance issues.
  5. Competitive edge: Online GST registered businesses enjoy a competitive edge over their unregistered counterparts, thus enhancing their business opportunities.

Overall, GST registration online streamlines the tax process, empowers businesses, and translates into cost savings, leading to growth opportunities and increased profitability.

GSTN is a unique number quoted on all invoices supplied to the input tax credit mechanism. It helps you avail of the input tax credit, register your business, and improve your credibility in the industry. You need to become GST compliant and file GST returns on time. Once you register, you can also download the registration certificate from the GST portal.

Penalty for not obtaining GST registration

Failing to obtain GST registration (when required) may result in penalties under the GST Act. The penalty is usually 10% of the tax due or Rs. 10,000, whichever is higher.

For deliberate tax evasion, the penalty is 100% of the tax due. Non-registration can also lead to interest charges on the outstanding tax amount.

Businesses must adhere to GST registration requirements to avoid these penalties.

Additional read: Impact of GST

Additional read: Benefits of GST

Here are a few other articles related to GST

eWay Bill

GST Payment

GST Calculator

GST Challan

GST e-invoice

Goods and Services Tax Council


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Frequently asked questions

How do I register on the GST portal for the first time?

You can register on the GST portal by filling up an online application form on the GST website. You will need to provide your PAN, mobile number, email address, and state or union territory of your business.

How to do GST registration online?

To do GST registration online, you need to follow these steps:

Go to the GST portal and click on New Registration under the registration tab.
Fill up Part-A of the application form with your basic details and verify your mobile number and email address.
You will receive a Temporary Reference Number (TRN) on your mobile and email.
Log in with your TRN and fill up Part-B of the form with your business details, documents, and bank account information.
Submit the form and pay the required fees (if any).
You will receive an Application Reference Number (ARN) on your mobile and email.
Track the status of your application using your ARN.
Once approved, you will get your GSTIN (GST identification number).

Is GST registration free?

Yes, GST registration is free of cost for all e-commerce sellers and other eligible taxpayers. You do not need to visit any government office to register for GST. You can do it online from anywhere. However, you may need to pay some professional fees if you hire a consultant or an agent to help you with the process.

When will I receive my GST number?

After applying for GST registration online, the timeline for receiving the GST number can vary depending on the processing time of the tax authorities. Generally, it takes 7-10 working days, and the GST number can be downloaded from the GST portal.

What if the GST application is rejected?

If the GST registration application gets rejected, the applicant should check for the reason provided by the authority and rectify the reason disclosed. The applicant can reapply or file an appeal within 30 days. It is important to resolve any issues at the earliest.

Is GST registration mandatory?

Yes, GST registration is mandatory for businesses whose turnover exceeds the threshold limit set by the GST council.

Am I allowed to submit applications for multiple GST registrations?

Yes, you can submit applications for multiple GST registrations, such as separate registrations for different states where your business operates.

What turnover should be considered for the GST registration threshold limit?

The turnover threshold limit for GST registration is Rs. 40 lakhs for most states, Rs. 10 lakhs for special category states.

What happens after obtaining the GST registration?

After obtaining GST registration, businesses can collect GST on sales, claim input tax credit, and file GST returns to comply with GST laws.

What is the registration limit for GST?

There is no registration limit for GST. Any business whose turnover exceeds the threshold limit must register for GST.

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