What are Large Cap Mutual Funds: Meaning, Benefits & how to Invest

Learn about their benefits, risks and how they can fit into your investment strategy.
Large Cap Mutual Funds
4 mins
19 December 2023

In the vast landscape of mutual funds, "Large Cap Mutual Funds" stand as stalwarts of stability and reliability. These funds hold a special place in investors' portfolios due to their consistent performance and potential for balanced returns. This article dives into the realm of large cap mutual funds, shedding light on their features, suitability, considerations, taxation, and how platforms like Bajaj Finserv can enhance the investment experience.

What are Large Cap Mutual Funds?

Large Cap Mutual Funds are a category of equity mutual funds that primarily invest in stocks of well-established and financially stable companies with large market capitalisations. These companies are leaders in their respective industries and are known for their strong fundamentals, robust track records, and market presence and they are typically the top 100 companies listed on the stock exchange. Investing in large cap funds allows investors to participate in the growth potential of these industry giants while minimising the risks associated with smaller companies. Typically, the top 100 companies listed on the stock exchange are considered as Large Cap companies.

How Large Cap Mutual Funds Work?

The investment funds focusing on the top 100 companies in India, based on their market capitalisation, are known as large-cap funds. These funds have earned a distinguished reputation in the investment market. It is mandatory for large-cap funds to invest at least 80% of their assets in these top 100 companies. Choosing large-cap funds as an investment option provides the certainty that you are investing in reputed companies with consistently positive medium to long term returns. Consequently, large-cap funds generally exhibit lower volatility than mid-cap and small-cap funds.

How to Evaluate Best Large Cap Mutual Funds?

Investors should assess specific financial ratios when evaluating mutual funds. Key ratios include:

  1. Sharpe Ratio: This metric gauge a mutual fund's risk-adjusted return. A higher Sharpe ratio indicates better performance compared to peers.
    Sharpe Ratio = (Mean portfolio return - Risk-free rate) / Standard deviation of portfolio return.
  2. Standard Deviation: It measures the volatility of an investment's annual return, indicating how much it deviates from the mean. A higher standard deviation implies greater price range and volatility.
  3. Beta: Beta reflects a fund's sensitivity to market movements. A Beta of 1.0 suggests the same volatility as the benchmark. A Beta of 0.80 or less means 20% less volatility, while 1.30 indicates 30% higher responsiveness.
  4. R-Squared: R-Squared quantifies the percentage of fund returns aligned with benchmark returns, denoted as a percentage between 0 and 100%. Higher R-Squared values indicate greater alignment with the benchmark.
  5. Alpha: Alpha measures a fund manager's ability to outperform the benchmark. A higher Alpha signifies the manager's skill in generating profits from benchmark movements.

Important Features of Large Cap Funds

  • Risk Profile: Large-cap funds are considered to be less risky than other types of equity funds. However, they are still subject to market risk.
  • Fees and Expenses: Large-cap funds typically have low fees and expenses.
  • Stability: Large cap companies generally exhibit stable earnings and are less prone to market volatility compared to smaller companies.
  • Consistency: Large cap funds often provide relatively steady returns over the long term, making them suitable for conservative and risk-averse investors.
  • Dividend Income: Many large cap companies may distribute regular dividends, which can contribute to the fund's income generation potential.
  • Diversification: Large cap funds offer diversification across multiple sectors, reducing the impact of sector-specific risks.
  • Investment Objective: Large-cap funds invest in the stocks of large companies. The goal of these funds is to generate capital appreciation over the long term.
  • Liquidity: Large-cap funds are highly liquid. This means that investors can easily buy and sell their units.
  • Performance: Large-cap funds have historically generated good returns over the long term.

Who Should Invest in Large Cap Funds?

  • Conservative Investors: Those seeking stable returns with lower risk exposure.
  • Long-Term Investors: Individuals with longer investment horizons who aim for consistent growth.
  • Retirement Planning: Investors looking to build a retirement corpus with a balanced equity exposure.
  • Beginners: Investors new to the equity market who want to start with relatively lower risk.

Things to Consider Before Investing in Large Cap Funds

  • Your risk tolerance: Large-cap funds are considered to be less risky than other types of equity funds. However, they are still subject to market risk. If you are not comfortable with the risk of losing money, then large-cap funds may not be the right investment for you.
  • Your investment horizon: Large-cap funds are a good investment for investors who are looking for long-term growth. If you need to access your money in the short term, then large-cap funds may not be the right investment for you.
  • Your investment goals: Large-cap funds are a good investment for investors who are looking to generate capital appreciation over the long term. If you are looking for income, then large-cap funds may not be the right investment for you.

How to invest in Large Cap Funds on Bajaj Finserv Platform?

Step 1: Click on “INVEST NOW” on the “Mutual Funds” page on the Bajaj Finserv Platform. You will be redirected to the mutual funds listing page.

Step 2: Filter by scheme type, risk appetite, returns, etc. or choose from the top performing funds list.

Step 3: All the mutual funds of the particular category will be listed, along with the minimum investment amount, annualised return, and rating.

Step 4: Get started by entering your mobile number and sign in using the OTP.

Step 5: Verify your details using your PAN, date of birth. If your KYC is not complete, then you will have to upload your address proof and record a video.

Step 6: Enter your bank account details.

Step 7: Upload your signature and provide some additional details to continue.

Step 8: Choose and select the mutual fund that you want to invest in.

Step 9: Choose whether you want to invest as SIP or lumpsum and enter the investment amount. Click on 'Invest Now

Step 10: Select your payment mode i.e., Net banking, UPI, NEFT/RTGS.

Step 11: Once your payment is done, the investment will be complete.

Your investment will start reflecting in your portfolio within 2-3 working days.

Taxation for Large Cap Mutual Funds

Taxation on large cap mutual funds is based on the holding period:

  • Short-Term Capital Gains: If the holding period is less than 12 months, gains are treated as short-term capital gains and are taxed at 15%.
  • Long-Term Capital Gains: If the holding period is more than 12 months, gains exceeding Rs. 1 lakh in a financial year are subject to long-term capital gains tax at a rate of 10% without indexation. Gains up to Rs. 1 lakh are tax-free.

Note: The above-mentioned rates are excluding cess and surcharge as applicable.

Large Cap Mutual Funds represent a foundation of stability and growth potential in the realm of mutual fund investments. By investing in well-established market leaders, investors can enjoy the benefits of consistent returns and lower volatility. Whether you're a conservative investor seeking stability or a long-term player aiming for steady growth, large cap funds offer a compelling avenue for diversification and wealth creation. However, as with any investment decision, it's crucial to conduct thorough research, align your investments with your financial goals, and consider consulting financial experts before making investment choices. With platforms like Bajaj Finserv's Mutual Funds Investment, the journey towards building a robust investment portfolio becomes even more accessible and efficient.

You can invest in mutual funds at the Bajaj Finserv platform with as little as Rs. 100. It also offers a convenient and easy-to-use platform for investing in mutual funds and tracking your investments in real. So, what are you waiting for? Start investing in large-cap mutual funds today!

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Frequently Asked Questions

Are large-cap funds high risk?

Large-cap funds are generally considered lower risk compared to mid or small-cap funds, as they invest in established, stable companies. However, they are not entirely risk-free and can still be affected by market fluctuations.

Are large-cap funds suitable for long-term investors?

Large-cap funds can be suitable for long-term investors seeking stability and moderate growth potential. They offer a solid foundation for a diversified portfolio, especially when held for extended periods.

How do expense ratios affect large-cap fund returns?

Lower expense ratios in large-cap funds can lead to higher returns for investors, as these fees directly impact the overall performance. Choosing funds with lower expenses can help maximise your investment gains over time.

Who manages large cap equity funds?

Professional fund managers with expertise in equity markets manage large cap funds, making strategic decisions to maximise returns from large-cap stocks.

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