What is a Fund Manager in Mutual Funds

A fund manager is an investment expert responsible for managing mutual funds, hedge funds, pension funds, and portfolio-management services on behalf of investors.
Fund Manager
4 mins

With an intricate blend of financial acumen and strategic insight, the fund manager plays a vital role in shaping the investment landscape. This article delves into the role and responsibilities of fund managers, as well as essential criteria for choosing them. It explores how fund managers perform fundamental and technical analyses of assets to guide investment decisions aligned with fund objectives. Understanding these processes helps investors select a skilled manager capable of optimising investment performance through informed decision-making and strategic asset selection.

What is a Fund Manager in Mutual Funds?

A mutual fund manager is a financial professional entrusted with the task of overseeing the investment portfolio of a mutual fund. These skilled individuals are responsible for making investment decisions that align with the fund's objectives and generating returns for investors.

Key takeaways

  • Fund managers are pivotal in managing mutual fund portfolios, making strategic investment decisions aligned with fund objectives to generate returns for investors.
  • Fund managers employ either active management, aiming to outperform benchmarks through proactive decisions, or passive management, mirroring index performance with minimal trading.
  • Fund managers construct portfolios, make strategic decisions based on research, manage risks, monitor performance, ensure regulatory compliance, and delegate tasks for effective fund management.
  • Evaluate fund managers based on track record, investment philosophy alignment, focus on funds managed, experience across market conditions, and decision-making criteria.
  • Fund managers assess market fluctuations, industry competition, annual business performance, and leadership expertise to identify investment opportunities.
  • Fund managers play a crucial role in shaping investment outcomes, requiring competence in portfolio management, strategic decision-making, and risk management.

Fund manager role in mutual fund

Here is a list of the roles and responsibilities of a fund manager:

  • Portfolio construction and management: A fund manager constructs and manages the portfolio of securities that the mutual fund holds. They carefully select a mix of stocks, bonds, or other assets to achieve the fund's investment goals.
  • Strategic decision-making: Fund managers make crucial decisions based on market trends, economic conditions, and the fund's investment strategy. Their decisions impact the fund's performance and, consequently, the returns for investors.
  • Research and analysis: In-depth research and analysis are vital components of a fund manager's role. They study market trends, company financials, and economic indicators to identify potential investment opportunities.
  • Risk management: Balancing risk and return is a critical task for fund managers. They assess and manage risks associated with the investments to ensure the fund's stability and protect investors' interests.
  • Performance monitoring: Continuous monitoring of the fund's performance is a fundamental duty. Fund managers track the performance against benchmarks, making adjustments as needed to meet or exceed investor expectations.
  • Ensure Regulatory Compliance: SEBI (Securities Exchange Board of India) is tasked with formulating policies and regulations for mutual funds. It is imperative for a fund manager to ensure that the fund under their purview adheres to all regulatory guidelines.
  • Delegate Responsibilities: At times, fund managers need to entrust certain responsibilities to third-party experts to ensure profitable outcomes for investors. Tasks such as gathering investments, compiling annual reports, and interacting with brokers are delegated to these parties. By delegating these tasks, fund managers free up time to focus on market analysis and research.
  • Safeguard Your Investments: The role of a fund manager is pivotal in safeguarding investors' finances. They bear significant responsibility for ensuring the protection of investors' capital. Regardless of profit potential, a fund manager should prioritize implementing safety measures when managing investor wealth.
  • Adhere to Reporting Standards: Mutual fund managers are required to design portfolios in accordance with prescribed reporting standards. The creation of any mutual fund should take into account investor risks, objectives, strategies, policies, and expenses. It is incumbent upon fund managers to communicate these regulations to investors and ensure compliance.

What are the qualities of the best fund managers?

Top-tier fund managers possess unique skills, knowledge, and traits essential for navigating complex financial markets and achieving outstanding outcomes. Key attributes include:

  • Strong analytical abilities: They excel in analysing extensive data, identifying trends, and deriving valuable insights crucial for informed decision-making.
  • Disciplined approach: Successful managers adhere to structured investment processes, maintaining objectivity to avoid emotional biases that could compromise decisions.
  • Expertise in risk management: They demonstrate adeptness in assessing and mitigating risks, minimising potential losses while maximising opportunities.
  • Adaptability: Effective managers are flexible, adjusting investment strategies to align with evolving market conditions and ensure portfolio resilience and growth.
  • Commitment to continuous learning: They are committed lifelong learners, staying abreast of industry trends, regulatory changes, and emerging developments.
  • Proficient communication skills: They effectively convey financial strategies, performance outcomes, and innovative ideas to clients and stakeholders.

These qualities collectively enable top fund managers to deliver superior performance and build trusted relationships in the financial industry.

How do fund managers determine investment opportunities?

Drawing on their extensive experience and insightful perspectives, fund managers gather valuable insights from thorough research. Here are several factors they consider when deciding where to invest:

  • Monitoring Stock Market Fluctuations: Fund managers analyse stock market movements to gauge the degree of volatility.
  • Assessing Industry Competition: They evaluate industrial competition to understand macroeconomic trends.
  • Analysing Annual Business Performance: Fund managers conduct in-depth analyses of yearly business performance to inform investment decisions.
  • Evaluating Leadership Expertise: Prior to making decisions, they consider the expertise of top management and directors in addition to the aforementioned factors.

Key considerations in selecting a fund manager

While investors typically select funds rather than individual fund managers, a strong track record of performance may influence some investors' choices. Here are factors to consider when evaluating a fund manager:

  • Experience: Generally, greater experience correlates with better performance, as seasoned fund managers have navigated various market conditions.
  • Past Performance: Assess the fund manager's track record and compare portfolio performance against benchmarks or indices.
  • Investment Style: Ensure the fund manager's investment style aligns with your objectives; for example, an aggressive style may not suit conservative investors.
  • Tenure: Longer tenures with a specific fund suggest stability and consistency in performance attribution.
  • Stability: Consider whether the fund manager remains with a fund house for extended periods or frequently changes jobs, as frequent changes may signal instability.
  • Portfolio Load: Evaluate the number of funds managed by the fund manager, as overseeing too many funds may impact attention and performance.

High-return mutual fund categories for smart investing

Equity Mutual Funds

Hybrid Mutual Funds

Debt Mutual Funds

Tax Saving Mutual Funds

NFO Mutual Funds

Multi Cap Mutual Funds


Difference between an active and a passive fund manager

There are two primary types of investment management strategies that mutual fund managers follow: active management and passive management.

  • Active management: Active management is a strategy wherein fund managers proactively make investment decisions to surpass a specific benchmark or market index. This approach involves continuous research, analysis, and trading to seize market opportunities and achieve higher returns. Indian fund managers who employ active management strive to identify undervalued assets, time market trends, and adjust the portfolio accordingly. They often rely on their expertise and insights to make strategic moves tailored to the Indian market conditions.
  • Passive management: Passive management, or index investing, is a strategy wherein a fund's portfolio mirrors a particular Indian market index, like the Nifty 50 or the BSE Sensex. Passive managers aim to replicate the performance of the chosen index rather than attempting to outperform it. This strategy involves minimal buying and selling, as the portfolio's composition remains relatively stable over time. Passive investing seeks to offer consistent, market-matching returns with relatively lower costs.


The role of a mutual fund manager is akin to an architect crafting a masterpiece. They shoulder immense responsibilities, from constructing and managing portfolios to making strategic decisions. A skilled fund manager's impact extends far beyond the spreadsheets; they contribute to the financial aspirations of countless investors. When evaluating a fund manager, remember that their track record, investment philosophy, experience, research process, and risk management strategy hold the key to their competence. By entrusting your investments to a capable fund manager, you set the stage for a prosperous financial journey.

On Bajaj Finserv Mutual Fund Investment Platform, you can find all the information about fund managers, as well as other important information about a mutual fund, like the past performance or the expense ratio, so that you can make the right investment decision.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a fund manager?

A fund manager oversees mutual fund portfolios, making investment decisions aligned with fund objectives to achieve optimal returns for investors.

How do fund managers decide where to invest?

Fund managers analyze market trends, economic indicators, and company performance to identify investment opportunities that align with their fund's strategy and objectives.

How do I choose a fund manager for a mutual fund?

Choose a fund manager based on their track record, investment philosophy alignment with your goals, experience in various market conditions, and reputation for delivering consistent performance.

What are some key responsibilities of a fund manager in mutual funds?

They manage the fund's portfolio, make investment decisions, monitor performance, and ensure compliance with regulations.

Who is the no. 1 mutual fund manager in India?

Identifying the top mutual fund manager in India can vary based on performance metrics, fund size, and investor preferences, making it subjective and context-dependent.

Are mutual fund managers paid?

Yes, mutual fund managers are typically compensated for their services. They earn through management fees, which are a percentage of the assets under management. Additionally, they may receive performance-based bonuses depending on fund performance.

What is the success rate of fund manager?

The success rate of fund managers varies widely and is influenced by factors like market conditions and individual skill. Some studies suggest that a majority of actively managed funds underperform their benchmarks over the long term. However, there are successful fund managers who consistently outperform the market.

How many hours do mutual fund managers work?

Mutual fund managers often work long hours, typically ranging from 50 to 70 hours per week. Their work involves research, analysis, portfolio management, and staying updated on market trends. The demanding nature of the job requires dedication and often extends beyond standard office hours.

What happens if mutual fund manager dies?

If a mutual fund manager dies, the fund's management company typically appoints a successor. The successor may be an existing member of the fund management team or an external hire. Investors are informed of the change, and the new manager assumes responsibility for managing the fund's investments.

What is the tenure of fund manager?

The tenure of a fund manager can vary widely depending on factors like performance, job satisfaction, and industry trends. Some fund managers stay with a fund for several years or even decades, while others may change roles or firms more frequently. Generally, longer tenures are associated with greater stability and consistency in managing the fund.

Who is a fund manager appointed by?

A fund manager is typically appointed by the fund's management company or investment management firm. The management company selects individuals with the requisite qualifications, experience, and expertise to manage the fund's investments. Fund managers are entrusted with making investment decisions in line with the fund's objectives and investment strategy.

Is it good to have a fund manager?

Having a skilled fund manager can potentially enhance investment returns and manage risks effectively, making their role crucial for investors seeking professional management of their funds.

How much should I pay a fund manager?

Fund manager fees typically range from a percentage of assets under management (AUM) or performance-based fees, with the industry standard often around 1-2% of AUM annually.

When should I hire a fund manager?

Hire a fund manager when your investment needs require professional management, especially if you lack time, expertise, or resources to manage investments effectively on your own.

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Bajaj Finance Limited (“BFL”) is an NBFC offering loans, deposits and third-party wealth management products.

The information contained in this article is for general informational purposes only and does not constitute any financial advice. The content herein has been prepared by BFL on the basis of publicly available information, internal sources and other third-party sources believed to be reliable. However, BFL cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information, assure its completeness, or warrant such information will not be changed. 

This information should not be relied upon as the sole basis for any investment decisions. Hence, User is advised to independently exercise diligence by verifying complete information, including by consulting independent financial experts, if any, and the investor shall be the sole owner of the decision taken, if any, about suitability of the same.