A loan against property is a secured loan that you can avail against your residential or commercial property. It is a secured loan with a tenor of up to 18 years. Like most secured loans, a loan against property too has comparatively lower interest rates. When you opt for a Bajaj Finserv Loan Against Property, you have the option of choosing between floating and fixed interest rates.
It is important to choose wisely for two reasons:
- It affects your EMI amount
- It impacts your repayment planning
Here is what you need to know about floating and fixed interest rates to decide which option is the best for you.
What is floating interest rate?
- A floating interest rate implies that the rate of interest is subject to revision every quarter. The interest charged on your loan will be pegged to the base rate determined by the RBI based on various economic factors. With changes in the base rate, the interest charged on your loan will also vary.
- Changes, if any, in the interest rate during the tenor of the loan will not affect the EMI; instead, the tenor of the floating interest loan will vary.
- On loans with floating interest rates, lenders cannot apply any prepayment penalty per the rules of the RBI.
What is fixed interest rate?
- A fixed interest rate implies that the lending rate is fixed for the term of your loan. Typically, fixed interest rates are 1% to 2% higher than current floating interest rates.
- Fixed interest loans provide a sense of certainty to you as you know the monthly instalments and loan tenor beforehand. However, keep in mind that fixed rates on long-tenor loans, like loans against property, switch to floating interest in a few years, depending on your lender’s terms. This is called a reset.
When to choose a floating Interest rate?
- Choose floating interest rates when you perceive that the base rate will either stay constant or reduce over time. In this case, the interest charged on your loan will either stay the same or reduce.
- Also, choosing a floating interest allows you to make prepayments with excess income that can help you pay off your loan faster and even reduce the total interest levied on your loan. So, if you see potential rises in your income in the future, a floating interest may work better.
When is fixed interest rate ideal?
- A fixed interest rate is ideal when you are comfortable with the EMI you are paying and do not want any surprises. Try and keep the EMI at 25% or less of your salary to ensure you meet the EMI payment deadlines without difficulty.
- Fixed interest loans help you to plan your finances better as the EMI and the tenor are predetermined.
- It also helps when you do not want to take market risks associated with an increase in interest rates.
Additional read: How is a loan against property processed?
Can you change from fixed to floating and vice-versa?
It is possible to shift from floating to fixed interest rates and vice-versa. However, when switching, remember that you may be levied a charge. This conversion fee may be up to 2% of the loan amount. Choosing between a floating and fixed interest rate is an important decision as it affects your EMI. So, exercise due diligence to make an informed decision that best suits your financial position and needs.
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