What is a business loan?

2 min read

Understanding business loans?

A business loan is a financial product designed to provide funding to businesses for various purposes, such as expansion, working capital, equipment purchase, or inventory management. It typically involves borrowing a specific amount of money from a financial institution or lender, with agreed-upon terms and conditions for repayment, including interest rates and repayment periods. Based on the borrower's creditworthiness, business loans can be secured, requiring collateral such as property or equipment, or unsecured. They play a vital role in helping businesses grow, invest in assets, manage cash flow, and navigate financial challenges to achieve their goals and objectives. With the Bajaj Finserv Business Loan, you can use the sanction to expand your business, buy machinery, or boost production with ease.

Types of business loans

Business loans come in various types to cater to the diverse needs of businesses. Term loans provide a lump sum amount with fixed repayment terms, suitable for financing long-term investments such as equipment purchases or expansion projects. Business lines of credit offer a revolving credit facility where businesses can borrow up to a predetermined limit, repay, and borrow again as needed, ideal for managing cash flow fluctuations and short-term expenses. Invoice financing allows businesses to borrow against outstanding invoices, providing immediate cash flow while waiting for customer payments. Asset-based loans are secured by business assets such as inventory, equipment, or accounts receivable, offering flexible financing options based on collateral value. Small Business Administration (SBA) loans are government-backed loans with favourable terms and rates, designed to support small businesses with financing needs for various purposes. Each type of business loan has its unique features, benefits, and eligibility criteria, allowing businesses to choose the most suitable option based on their financial requirements and goals.

Term business loans

Term business loans are a popular financing option for businesses seeking a lump sum amount with fixed repayment terms. These loans provide businesses with the flexibility to fund various initiatives such as expansion projects, equipment purchases, or working capital needs. Typically, borrowers receive the loan amount upfront and repay it over a set period, often ranging from one to ten years. Interest rates can be fixed or variable, depending on the lender and the borrower's creditworthiness. A term loan offers predictability and stability, allowing businesses to plan their finances effectively and achieve their long-term goals.

Working capital loans

Working capital loans are specifically designed to address short-term financing needs and cover day-to-day operational expenses for businesses. These loans provide funding to manage inventory purchases, cover payroll, pay rent, or handle other immediate cash flow requirements. Unlike long-term loans, working capital loans typically have shorter repayment terms, ranging from a few months to a few years. They offer businesses the flexibility to bridge temporary gaps in cash flow and maintain liquidity, ensuring smooth operations and continuity. A working capital loan is essential for businesses to sustain their operations and seize opportunities for growth in dynamic market environments.

Commercial business loans

Commercial business loans are financial products designed to support various business needs, including expansion, equipment purchase, inventory management, or working capital requirements. These loans are tailored to the specific needs of commercial enterprises, offering flexible terms and competitive interest rates. Businesses can use a commercial loan to invest in assets, fund growth initiatives, or navigate financial challenges. Lenders may require collateral or assess the borrower's creditworthiness to determine loan eligibility and terms. Commercial business loans play a vital role in helping businesses achieve their objectives, whether it's expanding operations, improving cash flow, or seizing new opportunities in the market.

Startup Loans

Startup loans provide essential financial support to entrepreneurs looking to launch new ventures. These loans are tailored to the unique needs of startups, offering funding to cover initial expenses such as product development, marketing, or office space rental. Unlike traditional loans, startup loans may be more flexible in terms of collateral requirements and repayment terms, recognizing the inherent risks and uncertainties associated with new businesses. They enable aspiring entrepreneurs to turn their ideas into reality, fuel innovation, and contribute to economic growth. A startup business loan plays a crucial role in fostering entrepreneurship and supporting the growth of innovative startups.

Equipment financing

Equipment financing is a specialized form of business financing aimed at helping companies acquire the equipment they need to operate and grow. Instead of purchasing equipment outright, businesses can secure financing to spread the cost over time, making it more manageable. This type of financing is particularly useful for businesses that rely on costly equipment, such as manufacturing or construction companies. Equipment financing offers various benefits, including preserving working capital, tax advantages, and the ability to stay technologically competitive by accessing the latest equipment without a significant upfront investment. It provides businesses with the flexibility to acquire essential assets while maintaining cash flow and liquidity.

Eligibility criteria for business loans

  • Credit score: Lenders typically require a minimum credit score to assess the borrower's creditworthiness and repayment ability.
  • Business age: Some lenders may require businesses to have been operating for a minimum period, often ranging from six months to two years.
  • Revenue: Lenders may assess the business's revenue or turnover to determine its ability to repay the loan.
  • Collateral: Secured loans may require collateral such as property or equipment to mitigate the lender's risk.
  • Business plan: A comprehensive business plan outlining the purpose of the loan and the business's financial projections may be required.
  • Legal documentation: Businesses must provide legal documents such as incorporation certificates, financial statements, and tax returns.
  • Industry risk: Lenders may consider the industry in which the business operates and its associated risk factors when assessing loan eligibility.
  • Debt-to-income ratio: Lenders may evaluate the business's debt-to-income ratio to ensure its ability to manage additional debt obligations.

Documents required for business loan

It is advisable to keep these business loan documents ready when applying for a loan:

  • Business plan: A detailed business plan outlining the purpose of the loan, financial projections, and repayment strategy.
  • Financial statements: Including balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements to assess the business's financial health.
  • Tax returns: Personal and business tax returns for the previous two to three years.
  • Legal documentation: Such as business licenses, incorporation certificates, and partnership agreements.
  • Bank statements: Showing the business's cash flow and financial transactions over the past several months.
  • Collateral documents: If applying for a secured loan, documents verifying ownership of assets are offered as collateral.
  • Personal identification: Proof of identity, such as a passport or driver's license, for all business owners or partners.
  • Credit history: Personal and business credit reports to evaluate creditworthiness and repayment ability.

How to apply for business loans

Here is how you can apply for a business loan with Bajaj Finance:

  1. Visit our website and click on the ‘APPLY' button.
  2. Enter your 10-digit mobile number and OTP.
  3. Fill in the application form with your basic details, such as your full name, PAN, date of birth, and PIN code.
  4. Once you enter all your details, please click on ‘PROCEED’ to visit the loan selection page.
  5. Enter the loan amount that you need. Choose from our three business loan variants – Term, Flexi Term, and Flexi Hybrid. 
  6. Choose a suitable repayment tenure and click on ‘PROCEED’. 
  7. Complete your KYC and submit your business loan application.

Our representative will guide you on the next steps. The loan amount will be transferred to your bank account upon verification of your documents.