Floating Rate Fixed Deposit

Understand what a floating rate fixed deposit is and what its benefits are.
Floating Rate FD
3 min

Floating-rate fixed deposits (FRFDs), also known as floating-rate term deposits (FRTDs), are fixed deposits whose returns are typically linked to a reference rate. This reference rate can be the repo rate of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) or a treasury bill yield. Thus, the interest rate of these FDs is not fixed but changes according to the reference rate (sometimes referred to as the benchmark interest rate).

Floating Rate Fixed Deposit (FRFD)

A traditional fixed deposit is one of the most popular investment option among Indian investors, owing to its safety and guaranteed returns. When you open a fixed deposit, depending on the financial institution and prevailing interest rates, you can expect a rate of return that remains constant throughout the deposit tenure.

On the other hand, a floating fixed deposit allows you to earn greater returns depending on the market conditions. Whenever the Reserve Bank of India increases the repo rate, the floating FD rates also increase, resulting in greater returns. For this reason, investors with a greater risk appetite opt for floating-rate FDs over conventional fixed deposits.

If you are looking for investing fixed deposit, then you can consider Bajaj Finance FD, as they offer one of the highest interest of up to 8.85% p.a.

Additional read: How to download your Fixed Deposit receipt

Features of floating rate fixed deposit

Let us take a closer look at some of the key features of FRFDs.

  • Opening the FD: Any individual, joint investors, minors, and Karta of HUF can open a floating-rate fixed deposit.
  • Minimum and maximum deposit: The minimum and maximum deposit amounts are Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 1 crore.
  • Interest rates: As previously mentioned, the returns of these FDs are linked to reference rates or the average yield at 91-day Treasury Bill auctions held in the preceding three months by RBI. The interest changes every quarter, allowing investors to enjoy good returns.
  • Deposit period: While booking a floating fixed deposit, you can choose a deposit period between 1 and 10 years.

Additional read: Monthly interest rates for Rs. 3 lakh fixed deposit

Benefits of floating rate fixed deposit 

FRFDs come with several unique features that set them apart from traditional fixed or term deposits. A floating-rate fixed deposit offers the following benefits, making it attractive to investors:

  • If the repo rate follows an increasing trend, the investor also enjoys a higher rate of interest.
  • The interest is paid every quarter on the last day, thus generating a regular return on investment.
  • A depositor can avail of a loan or an overdraft equal to 90% of the value of the FRFD amount. The interest on the loan will be 2% above the deposit rate or at the bank manager’s discretion.
  • Senior citizens get an additional 0.5% interest. Thus, if the current repo rate is 6% and the markup is 0.5%, then the FRFD offers returns of 6.5% per annum, whereas senior citizens will be paid 7% interest per annum.
  • There is no penalty for premature withdrawal for senior citizens.
  • Investors can get the benefit of the changing interest rate without closing and reopening the fixed deposit account.

Additional read: Fixed deposit interest rates

Traditional fixed deposit vs floating rate fixed deposit

Let us now see the main differences between conventional and floating fixed deposits.


Traditional FD

Floating-rate FD

Interest rate

The interest rates of tradition FD remain constant till the maturity date.

Floating-rate fixed deposits have their interest linked to a benchmark interest rate. For this reason, the interest changes often and is revised according to the underlying reference rate.

Ease of understanding

As these FDs come with fixed terms, they are relatively easier to understand.

These FDs are a little more complex and can be confusing.



If you, as an investor, want to bet on the direction of inflation and future interest rates, you can opt for floating-rate FDs. These fixed deposits offer higher returns during a rising interest rate regime compared to traditional fixed deposits.

Floating-rate fixed deposits come with their unique features and advantages. However, you must assess your risk appetite before investing in floating-rate FD.

Calculate your expected investment returns with the help of our investment calculators

Investment Calculator
Systematic Investment Plan Calculator Fixed Deposit calculator SDP calculator Gratuity Calculator EPF Calculator
Lumpsum Calculator Step Up SIP Calculator Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Calculator Public Provident Fund Calculator RD Calculator


As regards deposit taking activity of Bajaj Finance Ltd (BFL), the viewers may refer to the advertisement in the Indian Express (Mumbai Edition) and Loksatta (Pune Edition) furnished in the application form for soliciting public deposits or refer https://www.bajajfinserv.in/fixed-deposit-archives
The company is having a valid Certificate of Registration dated March 5, 1998 issued by the Reserve Bank of India under section 45 IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. However, the RBI does not accept any responsibility or guarantee about the present position as to the financial soundness of the company or for the correctness of any of the statements or representations made or opinions expressed by the company and for repayment of deposits/discharge of the liabilities by the company.

For the FD calculator the actual returns may vary slightly if the Fixed Deposit tenure includes a leap year.