Compounding in Mutual Funds

Discover how to leverage the power of compounding to amplify your financial growth and secure a prosperous future.
Compounding in Mutual Funds
3 mins read
15 Mar 2024

The journey towards financial security and wealth often begins with understanding the power of compounding.

This fundamental principle of compounding holds the key to transforming modest investments into significant wealth over time. When talking about mutual funds, compound interest can play a pivotal role in helping individuals achieve their long-term financial goals. Let’s understand the mechanics of compounding, explore its application in mutual funds, and provide practical tips to harness its full potential.

What is compounding?

At its core, compounding is the process through which an investment generates earnings that are reinvested to generate additional earnings in subsequent periods. In simpler terms, it is like watching your money grow exponentially over time, fuelled by the magic of reinvested returns.

Let us illustrate compounding with an example: Suppose you invest Rs. 1,00,000 today at an annual interest rate of 12%. After 5 years, your investment would grow to approximately Rs. 1,76,234. This means you've earned Rs. 76,234 without any additional effort on your part. It is the power of compounding at work. If the same investment followed a simple interest model, you would earn only Rs. 60,000 over 5 years at the same interest rate. The difference is clear: compounding amplifies your returns over time.

FV = P [ (1 + r/n)^(n*t) ]


A = value of the investment in the future

P = value of the investment in the beginning / principal amount

r = rate of interest

n = number of times your capital gets compounded in a particular period, say, a year

t = number of such periods, say, number of years for which the money is invested for

By leveraging the power of compounding, your investments in mutual funds can grow significantly over time, helping you achieve your financial goals.

Note: Please note that these calculations are for illustrations only and do not represent actual returns. Mutual Funds do not have a fixed rate of return and it is not possible to predict the rate of return. Investments in securities are subject to market risk.

How is compound interest utilised in mutual funds?

Mutual funds are structured in a way which enables investors to make profit as the Net Asset Value or NAV per unit goes up. Over longer investment periods, the growth in value becomes more substantial, and risks tend to get mitigated. In some case investors also receive dividends on their fund investments, with the option to reinvest dividends if they choose a dividend plan.

An interesting aspect to consider is that with each successive year, the earliest investments witness the most significant growth. The value of older investments increases steadily over time.

The impact of compounding on the returns of your investments

Compounding plays a crucial role in enhancing investment returns in the long run. Its primary benefit lies in reinvesting the earned interest or gains, fostering greater growth. With time, investments yield additional returns, compounding further to boost investment growth exponentially.

Initiating investments early and allowing them to compound over an extended period can significantly magnify their impact. The longer the investment duration, the greater the potential for compounding to yield substantial returns.

Tips for getter better ROI using the power of compounding

  1. Start early: Time is your greatest ally when it comes to compounding. By starting early, you give your investments more time to grow and multiply.
  2. Stay invested: Avoid the temptation to constantly monitor and tinker with your investments. Stay the course and allow the power of compounding to work its magic over the long term.
  3. Embrace systematic investment plans (SIPs): SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, ensuring disciplined investing and maximising the benefits of compounding.
  4. Reinvest dividends: Instead of cashing out dividends, reinvest them back into the fund to accelerate the growth of your investment portfolio.
  5. Diversify your portfolio: Spread your investments across different asset classes and mutual funds to mitigate risk and enhance long-term returns.

Compounding – The role of time

Time is pivotal in compounding, especially concerning investment growth and wealth accumulation. Below are key points underscoring its importance in the compounding process:

  • Long-term investment horizon: A longer investment horizon is crucial for capitalising on compounding. Patience allows investments to grow exponentially over time.
  • Impact on compound interest calculations: Time significantly affects compound interest, with longer periods resulting in greater growth potential. Small differences in time yield significant variations in returns.
  • Time's influence on investing: Time can either benefit or hinder wealth accumulation. Starting early and allowing investments to compound maximises growth. Delaying investments diminishes compounding benefits, emphasising the importance of timely action.

Compounding disadvantages – How to overcome

Compounding is a powerful method for wealth growth, but several factors can impede its effectiveness. Here are key strategies for overcoming obstacles to maximise compounding:

1. Impact of inflation on investment returns

  • Inflation erodes investment returns, with India's current rate around 6%. Suppose your investment earns 7%. Considering 6% inflation, your real return is only 1%. To counter this, choose investments yielding returns above inflation to safeguard and grow wealth.

2. Risks of high fees and taxes

  • High fees and taxes significantly diminish investment returns, weakening compounding. Be aware of expenses like fund expense ratios and brokerage fees. Explore tax-efficient investment options and tax-saving investments to mitigate tax impact and preserve compounding power.

3. Strategies for minimising obstacles

  • Regular investing: Consistent investing regardless of market conditions averages investment costs and enhances returns.
  • Right investment selection: Choose investments wisely, whether mutual funds, stocks, or gold, to ensure compounding benefits.
  • Tax planning: Utilise tax-efficient investment vehicles and strategies to reduce tax burdens and amplify investment returns 
  • Diversification: Spread investments across various assets and sectors to manage risks and boost long-term returns.


The power of compounding is a force that can turn small investments into substantial wealth over time. By understanding the mechanics of compound interest and incorporating sound investment strategies, individuals can pave the way towards financial freedom and security. Remember, the key of successful investment lies in patience, discipline, and a long-term perspective. As you embark on your investment journey, harness the power of compounding and watch your wealth grow steadily over the years.

After you have performed the required analysis and identified the funds you want to invest in, you can click on the “Explore Funds” button on top of this page and check out the 1000+ mutual fund options available on the Bajaj Finserv platform. Start your lump sum or SIP investment today!

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Frequently asked questions

Does mutual fund have compounding?

Mutual funds utilise compounding to grow investments over time. Returns generated by mutual funds are reinvested, allowing for exponential growth potential.

How is compounding done in SIP?

In SIP (Systematic Investment Plan), compounding occurs as regular investments are made at fixed intervals. Each investment generates returns, which are reinvested, leading to compounded growth.

Does SIP compound monthly?

Yes, SIPs compound monthly. With each monthly investment, returns are reinvested, and the cycle continues, allowing for compounded growth over time.

What is the formula for compounding SIP?

The formula for compounding in SIP involves calculating future value using the formula: FV = P [(1 + r/n)^(nt)], where FV is the future value, P is the principal amount, r is the annual interest rate, n is the number of times interest is compounded per year, and t is the time in years.

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