4 min read
25 May 2021

As per the Income Tax Act, 1961, the Government of India levies income tax on eligible individuals. Technically speaking, income tax rules apply to any person, even an NRI, earning an income in India. This form of direct tax is calculated based on the income tax slab you fall under, which in turn is dependent on your total income, be it from your salary, savings account, or even a lottery. Use our income tax calculator; put your age, annual income and other details, and you will get the tax amount you need to pay. If you earn more than the exemption limit in one financial year, submitting information about your earnings to the income tax department is mandatory through an income tax return form.

A brief overview of the basics of income tax

Income tax in India is a direct tax levied on individuals and entities based on their income. Here's a quick introduction to its basics:


  • Purpose: Income tax is a primary source of revenue for the government, funding public services and infrastructure.
  • Residential status: Tax liability depends on the taxpayer's residential status - resident, non-resident, or not ordinarily resident.
  • Income categories: Income is broadly classified into five categories: Salary, house property, business or profession, capital gains, and other sources.
  • Tax slabs: Tax rates vary based on income slabs, with higher income attracting higher tax rates.
  • Filing: Taxpayers must file their income tax returns annually by the due date to avoid penalties.


Understanding these basics helps taxpayers navigate their obligations and rights under the income tax regime.

Income tax calendar 2024 – Important dates

The Income Tax Department of India informs taxpayers of the important dates related to tax payment and return filing every year. Therefore, taxpayers must be mindful of these dates to avoid attracting any penal consequences.

Check out the Income Tax calendar 2024 listed below with all important dates for the year.

Income tax calendar for the year 2024


Important Dates

Details of Events and Tasks to Complete


15th Jan-2024

Filing of quarterly statement for Tax Collected at Source (TCS) quarter-ending 31st December 2023.


30th Jan-2024

Quarterly TCS certificate issue towards tax collections made for quarter-ending 31st December 2023.


31st Jan-2024

Quarterly Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) statement filing for quarter-ending 31st December 2023.


15th Feb-2024

Quarterly issue of TDS certificate towards payments (other than TDS on salary) made quarter-ending 31st December 2023.


15th Mar-2024

Advance tax payment for Financial Year 2023-24 (fourth installment).


31st Mar-2024

Last date for income tax return filing as per revised ITR for Financial Year 2022-23.





15th May-2024

TCS statement quarterly filing tax deposited quarter ending 31st March 2024.


31st May-2024

Quarterly TDS return filing towards deductions made quarter-ending 31st March 2024.


15th Jun-2024

Advance tax payment for Financial Year 2024-25 (First installment).


15th Jun-2024

Form 16 issue date from employers to employees. Quarterly TDS certificate issue for deduction made from income other than salary quarter-ending 31st March 2024 (Form 16A).


30th Jul-2024

Quarter-ending 30th June 2024 TCS statement filing date.


31st Jul-2024

Quarterly TDS statement filing for deductions made quarter-ending 30th June 2024.


31st Jul-2024

Deadline for Income Tax Return filing for assesses falling under categories individuals, HUFs and others do not require an audit.


15th Aug-2024

Quarterly issue of TDS certificate for deductions towards income other than salary quarter-ending 30th June 2024.


15th Sep-2024

Advance tax payment for Financial Year 2024-25 (second installment).


30th Sep-2024

Income Tax Return filing date for assesses requiring an audit of account books.


15th Oct-2024

Quarterly TCS deposit statement filing quarter-ending 30th September 2024.


30th Oct-2024

Quarterly issue of TCS certificate for tax payments made quarter-ending 30th September 2024.


31st Oct-2024

Quarterly TDS statement filing for deductions made quarter-ending 30th September 2024.


15th Nov-2024

Quarterly issue of TDS certificate for income other than salary quarter-ending 30th September 2024.


30th Nov-2024

Last date of Income Tax Return filing for assesses requiring account books, audits, and undertaking international transactions.


15th Dec-2024

Last date for advance tax payment for Financial Year 2024-25 (third installment).

Keeping the important dates of this Income Tax calendar 2024 in mind also helps plan investments carefully to avail deductions during tax liability calculation and payment. Utilize the online income tax calculator to get a fair idea.

Note: This table is based on general guidelines and may vary based on specific tax changes or announcements by the Indian government. Always consult official sources or tax professionals for accurate and personalised information.

Types of taxes in India

Taxes in India are broadly classified under two heads: Direct and Indirect. As a taxpayer, you pay direct taxes directly to the government without involving any third party. Direct taxes broadly comprise income tax and corporate tax. In both cases, the IT rules specify the rate you have to pay tax on your taxable income. Indirect taxes, on the other hand, refer to taxes you indirectly pay to the Indian Government. An example of this is the goods and services tax you pay on a hotel reservation, a restaurant bill or purchasing electronics.

What are the Income tax slabs?

The income tax slabs in India are different for regular, senior, and super senior citizens. This is because senior citizens are those who have completed 60 years of age, and super senior citizens are persons equal to or over the age of 80 years.

Latest income tax slabs for financial year 2023-24

Here's a table outlining the current income tax brackets for individuals and HUF:

Taxable Income Range

Old Tax Regime (%)

New Tax Regime (%)

Up to Rs.2.5 lakh



> Rs.2.5 lakh - Rs.3 lakh



> Rs.3 lakh - Rs.5 lakh



> Rs.5 lakh - Rs.6 lakh



> Rs.6 lakh - Rs.9 lakh



> Rs.9 lakh - Rs.10 lakh



> Rs.10 lakh - Rs.12 lakh



> Rs.12 lakh - Rs.15 lakh



Above Rs.15 lakh



Income tax rules

While the Income Tax Act of 1961 governs tax payments in the country, the income tax rules, 1962 aids in its enforcement. You can find the income tax rules on the Income Tax Department’s website. These rules work within the framework set by the income tax act and must be interpreted in light of it.

Who are the taxpayers in India?

In India, taxpayers can be classified as individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), Bodies of Individuals (BOIs), Associations of Persons (AOPs), firms, and companies. However, not all individuals are taxed. For an individual to pay tax, they must have a taxable income that falls within an income tax slab. For instance, regular citizens earning up to Rs. 2.5 lakh do not need to pay tax. The exemption limit for senior citizens and super senior citizens is Rs. 3 lakh and Rs. 5 lakh, respectively. That said, the new income tax rules allow for a tax rebate of up to Rs. 12,500 under Section 87A, thus enabling regular citizens with a net taxable income of up to Rs. 5 lakh to have a nil tax liability.

Dates to remember for paying income tax

At the beginning of a financial year, you must remember a handful of dates related to the income tax filing. Knowing these dates helps you file ITR on time, make investments that qualify for deductions, and leave you with enough time to verify your income tax details comfortably.


Tasks to Accomplish

31st January

Submit proof of investments for tax benefits

31st March

Make investments eligible for deductions under Section 80C

31st July

File Income Tax Return (ITR)

Between October - November

Verify your filed ITR

What is advance tax?

Advance tax is the tax you pay on income accumulated from various sources. In India, earnings like salary, rent, business profits, capital gains, dividends, royalties, interest, and income from other sources classify as ‘income.’ Advance tax comes into play when your tax liability goes over Rs. 10,000 for a given financial year. However, if you are a salaried individual, then you need not worry about advance tax payments. It is because your employer typically deducts tax at source (TDS) from your monthly salary and pays it to the government on your behalf. Knowing what is tax deducted at the source and how it works will help you file your ITR.

Income tax deductions

Income tax deductions help you reduce your tax liability as they lower your net taxable income. For instance, if you invest in an ELSS mutual fund, you qualify for a deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh under Section 80C. This amount is then deducted from your gross income to give you your net taxable income.

The Income Tax Act allows you to claim deductions under several Sections when you make certain investments or expenditures. For instance, Section 80D allows you to claim up to Rs. 15,000 for health insurance premiums, and Section 24B allows you to claim up to Rs. 2 lakh based on the home loan interest repayment.

Income Tax Return

Income tax return is the mode via which you can file returns at the close of the financial year. This form provides tax details such as your gross income, annual deductions, and net liability. Depending on your profile, you will have to choose the right one from the 7 ITR forms available. For instance, individuals earning less than Rs. 50 lakh can use ITR-1, proprietors can use ITR-3, and those under the presumptive tax scheme can use ITR-4.

E-filing of Income Tax

There are two modes of carrying out income tax e-filing: online and offline.

Offline method of E-filing

This involves downloading the correct ITR form, filling it offline, saving the XML file generated, and finally, uploading it. Below are the steps to follow:

To file taxes by uploading the XML file, you will need to use the Excel or Java ITR utilities. To do so:

  • Visit the official e-filing portal
  • Click on ‘IT Return Preparation Software’ from the ‘Download’ tab on the right-hand side of the screen
  • Download the Excel/ Java file, corresponding to the ITR form you wish to fill
  • Access the utility from the ZIP file downloaded, and use the extracted file to prepare your Income Tax Return

Here’s how you can do so:

  • Fill out the fields, the mandatory ones and those applicable to you, in the ITR form
  • ‘Validate’ the data entered in the various tabs and ‘Calculate Tax’, to know your tax liability and refund
  • Generate the XML file using the ‘Generate XML’ option
  • Visit the e-filing portal and login using your PAN (used ID) and password
  • Select ‘e-file’ and then ‘Income Tax Return’

On the ITR page:

  • Select the Assessment Year and ITR form number
  • Choose 'Original/Revised Return’ as the Filing type
  • Pick 'Upload XML' for the ‘Submission Mode’


  • Select an option to verify your ITR
  • Select ‘Continue’
  • Attach the XML file
  • Provide data as per the verification mode chosen
  • Submit your ITR

Online method of e-filing

This involves entering data in ITR 1 or ITR 4 via the e-filing portal online and submitting your ITR. Below are the steps to follow:

  • Visit the e-filing portal
  • Login using your PAN (Used ID) and password
  • Navigate to ‘Income Tax Return’ through the ‘e-File’ option

On the ITR page:

  • Choose the Assessment Year and ITR form number
  • Pick ‘Original/Revised Return’ as the ‘Filing Type’
  • Choose ‘Prepare and Submit Online’ as the ‘Submission Mode’


  • Select ‘Continue’
  • Fill out the ITR form online, reading instructions and entering data into the mandatory and applicable fields
  • Select the mode of verification through the tab called ‘Taxes Paid and Verification’
  • Select the ‘Preview and Submit’ option and verify the data entered into your ITR
  • Click on ‘Submit’

ITR Forms

ITR form Details
ITR-1 (Sahaj) Applicable to resident individuals with a total income not exceeding Rs. 50 lakh, and possessing Income from Salary, Income from One House Property, Income from Other Sources, and Agricultural Income not exceeding Rs. 5,000
ITR-2 Applicable to Individuals and Hindu Undivided Families not possessing income from profits and gains of profession or business
ITR-3 Applicable to individuals and HUFs who have income from profits and gains of profession or business
ITR-4 (Sugam) Applicable to Individuals, HUFs, and Firms (apart from LLP), being a resident having total income not exceeding Rs. 50 lakh and possessing income from profession and business, computed under Sections 44AD/ 44ADA/ 44AE
ITR-5 Applicable to persons not classified as individuals/ HUF/ company. Not applicable to those using ITR-7
ITR-6 Applicable to Companies barring those claiming an exemption through Section 11
ITR-7 Applicable to persons and companies who must furnish return under sections 139(4A)/ 139(4B)/ 139(4C)/ 139(4D) only
Acknowledgement Acknowledgement

For the Assessment Year 2020-21, ITR-1 and ITR-4 have been notified. You can find them online on the ITR forms page.

Claiming income tax refund

In case you have paid the government excess tax, you can claim an income tax refund online. To do so, file your ITR and verify it. A refund is issued after the Central Processing Team scrutinises your case. You may check your income tax refund status online, at the e-filing website or the TIN NSDL portal.

Now that you know what income tax is and how how to determine your liability, file ITR and claim refunds, submit your ITR well before 31 August and undertake tax planning for the next financial year to be able to hold on to a greater portion of your income.


1. What is standard deduction in income tax?

Under Section 16 of the I-T Act 1961, salaried individuals can claim a standard tax deduction on their gross salary. It was re-introduced in the 2018 Union Budget. During income tax calculation, salaried individuals can opt for a flat deduction of Rs. 40,000 on their gross salary. This deduction has replaced medical and transport allowance.

2. Do I have to pay income tax?

The income tax slabs for the financial year 2024 have undergone changes, offering taxpayers a choice between the old and new tax regimes. For incomes up to Rs. 2.5 lakh, both regimes are exempt from tax. However, in the new regime, incomes between Rs. 2.5 lakh and Rs. 3 lakh are also exempt. From Rs. 3 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh, the tax remains at 5% in both regimes. Notably, the new regime offers lower tax rates for higher income brackets compared to the old regime. For instance, incomes between Rs. 5 lakh and Rs. 6 lakh are taxed at 5% under the new regime but 20% under the old one.

3. What is the minimum salary to pay income tax?

Under the new tax regime for the financial year 2024, individuals below 60 years of age with an income up to Rs. 2.5 lakh are exempt from tax. The tax rates then increase progressively, starting from 5% for income between Rs. 2.5 lakh to Rs. 3 lakh, up to 30% for income above Rs. 15 lakh. Utilise the online income tax calculator to a fair idea.

4. What is non-taxable income?

Non-taxable income is defined as earnings or monetary benefits that do not fall under the ambit of taxability. Section 10 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 states that various income sources are non-taxable like money received or inherited as a member of HUF, interest income from a savings account, income earned by partners in a partnership firm, etc.

5. What is the exemption limit for income tax?

As per the I-T Act 1961, the basic exemption limit for income tax is Rs. 2.5 lakh. In the case of senior citizens within the age of 60 years, the basic exemption limit stands at Rs. 3 lakh. For super senior citizens, i.e., individuals above 80 years of age, the basic exemption limit for tax liability calculation is Rs. 5 lakh.

6. How can I pay income tax?

You can pay the self-assessment tax online via the e-payment facility available on the official website of the IT Department. Validate your details via PAN or TAN to make applicable challan payment through the net banking facility. Alternatively, pay your taxes offline via cheque submission favouring the ‘Income Tax Department’ at your nearest bank branch.

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