What is GSTR 3B?
The Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) has introduced a list of forms for GST filing, and form GSTR 3B is one of the most important ones amongst the entire lot. Therefore, if you are registered under the GST regime, apart from forms like GSTR-1, GSTR-2, and GSTR-3 that you need to file in September, you will also have to file GSTR 3B monthly.
What is form GSTR 3B?
Form GSTR 3B is a simple one that summarises your returns every month. As a taxpayer, you must fill in the details and submit this form monthly, starting from July. In addition, you will have to collate and list the total values of sales and purchases for your business in this form. For these, invoice details are not required as this form justifies your monthly transactions and keeps a record of them for later use.
After GSTR 3B filing, once you submit GSTR-1, GSTR-2, and GSTR-3 forms for the corresponding months, the Income Tax department will tally your claims against your monthly transaction reports. If they do not find the invoice details matching the preliminary details you submitted, you may encounter trouble. So, be careful with your GSTR 3B filing and read through the details before clicking the submit button.
Who needs to file GSTR 3B?
All taxpayers who have registered themselves under the GST regime have to file their form GSTR 3B. In this case, if your monthly transaction is nil or is not significant, then too you have to file these forms at regular intervals. However, if you are an input service distributor, a composition dealer, a supplier of online information and database access or retrieval services (OIDAR), or a non-resident taxable Indian, then you do not have to file GSTR 3B.
GSTR 3B format
The general GSTR 3B format includes:
- Your GSTIN number
- The legally registered name of your business
- Details of sales and purchases for which you are accountable for reverse charge
- Details of inter-state sales made to buyers under composition scheme, unregistered buyers, and Unique Identification Number (UIN) holders
- Eligible input tax credit
- Value of nil-rated, non-GST, and inward supplies
- Payment of tax
- TCS/TDS credit
Filling the GSTR 3B excel format
Here are the details that you will have to fill in the GSTR 3B excel format:
- You must fill in details of outward and inward supplies liable for reverse charges and include all non-GST and exempted outward supplies.
- You will also have to enter details of the total taxable value, ISGT, CGST, SGST, and cess for all your supplies.
- Mention details related to interstate supplies made to unregistered persons, composition dealers, and UIN holders. You will also have to mention the place of supply, total taxable value, and IGST amount.
- Specify the total amount of input tax credit (ITC) available, as well as any ITC that has been reversed per CGST/SGST rules 42 and 43. Moreover, specify if any ITC is ineligible as per section 17(5).
Apart from all these details, you will also have to report late fees and interest due if you delay the GST return filing. So, in a nutshell, you have to add all your sales and purchase details for GSTR 3B filing, fill in the other necessary details, and review it to upload the GSTR 3B form PDF on the GST website. Then, pay your interest or penalties to complete filing GST returns.
Additional Read: How to check your GST registration status?
GSTR 3B PDF templates
Also, there are tailor-made GSTR 3B PDF templates available for download. These templates, just like the GSTR 3B excel format ones, explain all the relevant details for each column to help you understand the type of information you need to fill in along with sample values.
How to file GSTR 3B online
You can either take the offline route by taking help from your CA for GSTR 3B filing or file GSTR 3B return online. Alternatively, you can download the GST forms, fill them offline, and then upload them to file GSTR 3B returns.
Here are the steps you need to follow to file GSTR 3B online:
- Login to the GST portal.
- Select ‘Services,’ go to ‘Returns’ and then click on ‘Returns Dashboard.’
- On clicking ‘Returns Dashboard,’ you will see the ‘File Returns’ page.
- Select the relevant ‘Financial Year’ and the ‘Return-filing Period’ from the dropdown menu and click on ‘Search.’
- Among the various GST forms, choose ‘Monthly Return GSTR3B’ and click on the ‘Prepare Online’ button.
- Upon doing so, you are re-directed to the GSTR 3B form, where you need to fill up all the relevant details.
- You can either click ‘Save GSTR 3B’ if you want to edit the information later or click ‘Submit’ once all the relevant details are entered.
- Note that once you click the ‘Submit’ button, a success message is displayed on the top of the screen, and the status of the return will change from ‘Not filed’ to ‘Submitted.’
- Upon successful submission, the ‘Payment of Tax’ head gets enabled and you need to pay the taxes. Then you need to click on the ‘Offset Liability’ button. Once done, you will receive a pop-up message where you will have to click ‘Ok.’
- Once you’ve completed the process of paying taxes, you need to select the checkbox for declaration and from the ‘Authorised Signatory’ list, choose either ‘File GSTR 3B with EVC’ or ‘File GSTR 3B’ with DSC’ button.
- On choosing either button, a warning message is displayed, where you need to confirm that you want to proceed with the filing and click on the ‘Proceed’ button.
- Once done, a success message is displayed and you need to click on the ‘Ok’ button to affirm the message.
Regardless of which option you choose, keep a tab of the return dates and set a reminder to file GST on a timely basis without failure. Currently, you are required to submit this form by the 20th of the following month until March.
What is the penalty for not filing GSTR 3B?
The GSTR 3B filing date has been revised many times as taxpayers were finding it difficult to adjust to the new GST regime norms and regulations. So, keep updated about the latest GST news and file your GSTR 3B well within the due date. Understand that once you submit the form you cannot make any changes to it. So, review all the information before you submit the form. In case you delay your submission, remember that you will have to pay late fees when filing GSTR 3B.
You will have to pay Rs.50 per day of delay provided you have transactions to account for in your returns. On the other hand, if you are filing a nil GSTR 3B return, you will have to pay Rs.20 per day as a penalty with regard to delays. Moreover, if you fail to pay your GST amount by the due date, then you will have to pay 18% interest per annum on your dues. Here, the interest will be calculated starting on the first day following the due date, up to the date you make the GST payment.
You are liable to pay this penalty only when you unknowingly miss out on your due dates. However, if you deliberately miss the GST payments, then a 100% penalty will be levied on your tax amount.
If you’re finding it complicated, remember that GST calculations take no time at all when you calculate the same using a GST calculator. Read on to learn more about the math that can save you from paying penalties.
Additional Read: How to make GST payment online
How to calculate GST
GST brings together all other taxes under its purview, so calculating it manually can be a cumbersome task. But as a taxpayer, while calculating GST corresponding to your GSTIN, you need to consider a list of charges starting from reverse charge, exempted supplies charge, and inter-state sales charge, along with the eligible and non-eligible ITC. So, to put it simply, your GST due is a total of GST payable on reverse charge, inward supplies, and outward supplies. This total is calculated individually for each month, which you file through the GSTR 3B form and then pay as per the due dates. Alternatively, you can use a GST calculator to make your GST calculation hassle-free and straightforward.
Additional Read: How to calculate GST like a pro
Impact of GST
As GST consolidates several different taxes into one, it has abolished the cascading effect taxes had on your revenue in the past. As a result, GST is likely to save at least 32% of your revenue that you may have earlier diverted towards these varied taxes.
The impact of GST has been increased ease of doing business along with a more transparent and ethical system. This has helped India get better representation within the international market, as Indian goods, commodities, and services have become more competitive in the global and local markets.
As an individual, you should be sure to check and adhere to your GSTR 3B filing due date to file your interim GST on time without incurring any penalties.
Additional Read: What is GST?
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