SGST: State Goods and Service Tax

Know about SGST, its benefits and how it is charged.
Business Loan
2 min read
19 April 2024

SGST stands for State Goods and Services Tax, which is a component of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system implemented in India. SGST is a tax levied by the state government on intrastate supplies of goods and services. It is charged in addition to the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST), which is levied by the central government. The revenue collected from SGST is retained by the state where the goods or services are consumed, thus providing states with a source of revenue to fund various developmental activities and public services. Alongside CGST (Central Goods and Services Tax) and IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax), it forms the trio of taxes on goods and services.

The introduction of SGST was a key aspect of the GST implementation, aiming to replace the complex, and varied state-level taxes with a unified and simplified tax structure. SGST has helped in streamlining taxation and fostering a seamless flow of goods and services across states.

Benefits of SGST

SGST in India offers several benefits to both the state governments and taxpayers. Some of the key advantages of SGST include:

  1. Simplified taxation: SGST eliminates the need for multiple state-level taxes, providing businesses with a unified and simplified tax structure. This results in reduced compliance burdens and administrative complexities.
  2. Uniform tax rates: SGST ensures uniform tax rates within each state, promoting consistency and transparency in taxation for businesses and consumers.
  3. Boost to state revenues: The revenue generated through SGST collections goes directly to the state government's coffers, enabling them to meet various developmental needs and implement welfare programs.
  4. Ease of doing business: With a standardised tax structure, businesses find it easier to operate across state borders, fostering interstate trade and investment.
  5. Input tax credit (ITC): Businesses can claim input tax credit on SGST paid on their purchases, which is set off against their SGST liability. This prevents cascading effects and encourages a seamless credit mechanism.

SGST Examples

Here's an example to illustrate how SGST works:

Let's say Mohit, a dealer based in Gurgaon, sells goods worth Rs. 20,000 to Dinesh in Maharashtra. The applicable GST rate is 18%, which includes a 9% Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) rate and a 9% State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) rate.

In this scenario, Mohit will collect a total tax of Rs. 3,600 from Dinesh. Here's the breakdown of the tax collection:

  1. CGST: Mohit will collect Rs. 1,800 as CGST, which represents 9% of the transaction value. This amount will be remitted to the Central Government.
  2. SGST: Mohit will also collect Rs. 1,800 as SGST, which again represents 9% of the transaction value. However, this portion of the tax will be deposited to the Maharashtra state government.

So, in summary, Mohit will collect a total GST of Rs. 3,600 from Dinesh, out of which Rs. 1,800 will go to the Central Government as CGST, and the remaining Rs. 1,800 will be deposited to the Maharashtra state government as SGST.

Where SGST is Applicable?

SGST (State Goods and Services Tax) is applicable in transactions involving Intra-State Supply under the GST (Goods and Services Tax) regime.

Intra-State Supply refers to transactions where the supply of goods or services occurs within the boundaries of a single state. In such cases, SGST is levied by the respective state government on the supply of goods and services.

On the other hand, transactions involving Inter-State Supply, where the supply of goods or services crosses state boundaries, are subject to Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST), levied by the central government.

So, SGST is applicable to transactions that occur within a state, while IGST is applicable to transactions that take place between different states.

How is SGST charged?

The state government charges SGST on intra-state transactions of goods and services, on the taxable value of the supply. This includes the cost of goods or services, along with additional charges like packing, freight, insurance, and any other taxes except GST. The calculation of SGST follows a simple formula:

To ensure transparency and compliance with the tax laws, it is important to note that businesses registered under GST must issue proper tax invoices. It should clearly state the SGST component along with other taxes.

SGST is a significant component of the GST system. India’s taxation landscape has seen a revolution by replacing the multi state-level taxes to a unified and simplified tax structure. It has streamlined intra-state transactions, promoting ease of doing business and enhancing overall economic growth.

SGST offers several benefits to businesses and the state governments. Some of them include simplified taxation, uniform tax rates, enhanced competitiveness, and ease of interstate trade. The availability of input tax credit on SGST paid further reduces the tax burden on businesses, encouraging investment, and economic activity.

Additional Read: Tax saving tips for small business owner

SGST, CGST and IGST rates of some daily use items


SGST (%)

Rice, Wheat Flour, Milk, Vegetables, Salt


Edible Oil


Soap, Toothpaste, Shampoo, Toothbrush, Eggs, Fish, Meat, Milk Products (Cheese, Butter, Yogurt) & Packaged Drinking Water


Tea, Coffee, Pulses, Lentils, Bread, Biscuits & Cakes


Mobile Phones, Computers, Furniture & Bedding



How Frequently are SGST rates revised?

SGST rates, along with other GST rates, have undergone revisions multiple times since the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). The latest revision occurred during the 39th GST Council Meeting held on March 14, 2020. Subsequent meetings of the GST Council have also discussed and implemented changes to certain rates.

For the most up-to-date information on GST rates and revisions, you can refer to the official website of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) at This website provides comprehensive details on all aspects of GST, including rate revisions and other updates. Keeping track of this official source will ensure that you stay informed about any changes in SGST rates and other GST-related matters.


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Frequently asked questions

When SGST is applicable?

SGST is applicable when the supply of goods or services happens within a state, also called intra-state transactions.

How frequently are SGST rates revised?

SGST rates are revised by the GST Council, which is a constitutional body that decides the tax rates and rules for GST. The GST Council meets at least once every quarter.

What is the full form of SGST?

The full form of SGST is the State Goods and Services Tax. It is a tax levied and collected by the state governments on the intra-state supplies of goods and services.