NPS Interest Rate 2024

Explore current NPS interest rates for informed retirement planning decisions.
NPS Interest Rate
3 min
08 April 2024

Managing your finances is crucial for achieving a comfortable and secure retirement. Fortunately, individuals can take advantage of various schemes, including government-backed retirement schemes, to safeguard their financial future after retirement. One such well-known retirement scheme is the National Pension Scheme (NPS), designed to help individuals invest and save for their future. Unlike many government schemes, NPS does not offer fixed returns. Instead, its interest rates differ based on how well the economy or market is performing.

NPS offers the potential for higher returns due to its investment in market-linked assets. In contrast, fixed deposits offer a guaranteed interest rate that is locked in for the duration of your investment. This provides stability and predictability, especially important for risk-averse investors.

NPS interest rates

The NPS interest rate depends on the performance of the assets you have chosen. Because your money is invested in stocks and debt securities, your returns are tied to market performance. The interest rate you receive depends on your contribution amount and asset class.

How NPS is calculated

NPS interest rate is calculated every month with compound interest. For example, if there is a person, we call him A aged 27, who invests just Rs. 5,000 monthly in NPS, expecting a 10% return, they can accumulate a substantial corpus of about Rs. 1,58,22,259 by the time they retire at 60.

NPS account types:

There are two types of NPS accounts: Tier 1 and Tier 2.

NPS Tier


Tier 1

Mandatory for all NPS subscribers with a lock-in period until age 60.

Tier 2

Voluntary savings account allowing withdrawals without restrictions.


Current NPS interest rates:

Classes of Assets

Returns of 1 year

Returns of 5 years

Returns of 10 years

Corporate bonds (Class C)




Equity (Class E)




Alternative assets (Class A)




Government bonds (Class G)





How asset allocation takes place under NPS

Asset allocation heavily influences NPS scheme interest rates. There are four types of asset classes involved:

Asset class

Asset type

Class G

Government Bonds

Class E


Class C

Corporate Bonds

Class A

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), alternative investment funds, and Commercial mortgage-backed securities

Through NPS, an individual can choose between two investment options:

Active selection: Investors can actively allocate funds between different asset classes based on personal preferences and risk tolerance, but there are certain restrictions.

Auto-select: Automatically allocate funds using predetermined investment strategies based on age, risk tolerance, and investment goals.

Who should choose NPS

The National Pension System (NPS) is a vital retirement savings tool designed for Indian citizens aged between 18 and 70 years. It is particularly beneficial for those seeking higher returns on their retirement savings compared to traditional fixed-income instruments. However, the decision to invest in NPS should be based on a careful assessment of individual circumstances, including:

  • Risk tolerance: Understanding your comfort level with market-related risks is crucial as NPS investments are subject to market fluctuations, particularly in equity schemes.
  • Return expectations: While NPS can offer higher returns than traditional pension products, the returns are market-linked and can vary.
  • Investment horizon: Longer investment periods typically offer the potential for higher returns due to the power of compounding.
  • Financial goals: NPS should align with your broader financial goals, especially your retirement objectives.

If you are looking for safe investment option, then you can consider investing Bajaj Finance Fixed Deposit. With a top-tier AAA rating from financial agencies like CRISIL and ICRA, they offer one of the highest returns, up to 8.85% p.a.

Factors affecting NPS scheme interest rate

The returns on NPS investments are influenced by a range of factors, reflecting the market-linked nature of these schemes. Key factors include:

  • Market conditions: The performance of the equity and debt markets directly impacts NPS returns, especially in the scheme's equity component.
  • Inflation: Higher inflation can erode real returns, making it vital to monitor inflation trends when investing in NPS.
  • Government policies: Regulatory changes and government policies can influence market conditions and, consequently, NPS returns.
  • Asset performance: The individual performance of assets within the NPS portfolio, whether equities or bonds, affects overall returns.
  • Economic indicators: Broader economic changes, such as interest rate adjustments by the Reserve Bank of India, can influence market performance and NPS interest rates.

Also Read - FD interest rates.

Tax benefits under NPS

Investing in NPS offers significant tax advantages that can enhance the attractiveness of this retirement savings option:

  • Section 80C deductions: Contributions to NPS qualify for a tax deduction of up to Rs 1.5 lakh under Section 80C, lowering your taxable income.
  • Additional deduction under Section 80CCD (1B): You can claim an extra deduction of up to Rs 50,000 for NPS contributions, over and above the Section 80C limit.
  • Tax efficiency on maturity: The NPS corpus is partially tax-exempt at retirement, with specific conditions for lump sum withdrawals and annuity purchases.

Also Read - Post office monthly income scheme.


Engaging in retirement planning is indispensable for ensuring financial security in later life. The National Pension System (NPS) stands out as a robust option backed by the government, offering the potential for growth through market-linked returns. Before committing to NPS, it is essential to evaluate:

  • Risk profile: Match your investment choice with your risk tolerance.
  • Market dynamics: Understand that returns are influenced by market conditions.
  • Investment objectives: Ensure that your NPS investment aligns with your overall retirement goals.

Considering these factors will help you make an informed decision about incorporating NPS into your retirement planning strategy.

Calculate your expected investment returns with the help of our investment calculators

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As regards deposit taking activity of Bajaj Finance Ltd (BFL), the viewers may refer to the advertisement in the Indian Express (Mumbai Edition) and Loksatta (Pune Edition) furnished in the application form for soliciting public deposits or refer
The company is having a valid Certificate of Registration dated March 5, 1998 issued by the Reserve Bank of India under section 45 IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. However, the RBI does not accept any responsibility or guarantee about the present position as to the financial soundness of the company or for the correctness of any of the statements or representations made or opinions expressed by the company and for repayment of deposits/discharge of the liabilities by the company.

For the FD calculator the actual returns may vary slightly if the Fixed Deposit tenure includes a leap year.