Mutual Fund Yield

Mutual fund yield refers to the income generated by a mutual fund's investments over a specific period.
Mutual Fund Yield
3 min
23-May-2024

Mutual fund yield, often referred to as the distribution yield, provides investors with a crucial metric indicating the income return of a mutual fund relative to its market price. This figure, expressed as a percentage, encompasses the earnings generated by the fund through dividends from stocks and interest from bonds. Determined by the fund's market value and fluctuations in the annual dividends of the underlying stocks, mutual fund yield offers insight into the income potential of the fund's portfolio. It serves as a key factor for investors assessing the income-generating capacity of a mutual fund and plays a pivotal role in investment decision-making. Mutual Fund yield is a very important financial ratio that shows the income return on an investment. This yield is normally expressed in annual percentage and can be thought of as being similar to the dividend yield of stocks.

What is mutual fund yield?

Mutual fund yield is the rate of income return on a mutual fund investment, expressed as an annual percentage. It includes dividends and interest earned from the holdings the fund made, reflecting the possibility of the fund in generating earnings over time. This is an important feature that helps determine the performance and attractiveness of the fund with respect to its ability to generate income, more so for debt and hybrid funds. It is arrived at by annualising the total income earned by the fund over the net asset value. This is the metric that the investors consider to be the potential income, other than capital gains, from the fund.

Understanding mutual fund yield as an investor

For an investor who would want to comprehend the mutual fund yield in order to measure its income-generating capability, high yield dividend mutual funds denote the percentage of income that a fund returns to its investors through dividends and interest in India. It is calculated by dividing the annual income earned by the fund's average net asset value. This high yield dividend mutual fund is more relevant in the context of assessing debt and hybrid funds for its income orientation rather than merely focusing on capital growth. Investors should be aware that the high yield mutual fund is part of the comprehensive investment strategy and should, in consideration of the risk profile of the mutual fund and personal financial objectives, be a valid part of those objectives.

Example of mutual fund yield

We shall now take an example of mutual fund yield using a debt mutual fund in India. Suppose a mutual fund has an average net asset value (NAV) of Rs. 10,000 crore over the year and in the same period, the mutual fund earns Rs. 800 crore through interest and dividends. Yield on the fund can be derived by calculating the ratio of total income (Rs. 800 crores) and average NAV (Rs. 10,000 crore). Thus, the yield comes out to be 8%. This calculation aids the investor in understanding the income accruable from the fund, relative to the investment made, excluding capital gains.

How to calculate mutual funds yield?

Calculating the yield of a mutual fund is crucial for assessing its performance in terms of income generation. The yield provides an indication of the income returns an investor can expect relative to their investment.

Formula to calculate mutual fund yield

Yield = (Annual Income from the Fund / Average Net Asset Value) × 100

Steps for calculation:

  1. Determine annual income: Sum up all the income generated by the fund through dividends and interest over a year.
  2. Average net asset value (NAV): Calculate the average NAV of the fund for the same period. This is typically done by taking the NAV at regular intervals (e.g., monthly) and finding their average.
  3. Apply the formula: Use the above values in the yield formula to find the yield percentage.

This yield calculation gives investors an annualised percentage that reflects the income effectiveness of the fund relative to its average market value during the year. Yield calculation in mutual funds helps investors understand the returns on their investments, particularly from dividends or interests. For systematic investment plans , a SIP calculator can be instrumental in estimating the potential future value of regular investments, factoring in variables like monthly contribution, duration, and expected rate of return.

Types of mutual fund yields

In India, the differences in the yields of mutual funds are huge among various types of funds, which make them more suited for a variety of investment objectives and risk profiles.

  • Dividend yield: This is a yield type associated with the dividend-paying stocks in which the equity mutual funds are invested. The yield gets derived out of the dividend received from the underlying stocks within the portfolio and gets divided by the fund's NAV.
  • Yield of interest: Relatively to debt mutual funds, it emanates from the interest amount earned from the investment. For example, government securities or corporate bonds yield. It factors in the credit quality of the assets and the interest rate environment of the assets.
  • Total return yield: This is the total income given back to the fund, realised and unrealised capital gains, dividends, and interest, hence giving a summary measure of the performance of the fund over a period.
  • Yield to maturity (YTM): Yield to Maturity is particularly used for debt funds, this tells the estimated total return that would be earned by an investor who purchases a bond and holds it until the bond is paid back.
  • Yield the weighted average: Where a portfolio consists mostly of different securities with varying yields, this is often used to yield the average that will take into account the relative size of each investment within the fund.

This provides an understanding of the potential income and mutual fund returns for each type of yield, respectively. In this case, investors can determine their choices towards financial goals and risk tolerance. As a result, Indian investors will be well advised to have a close touch with financial websites to keep looking for updates and analyses by experts. This will help them to get a grasp of how these yields are affecting their investment-related decision-making.

Conclusion

Understanding mutual fund yield is integral to maximising the benefits of investments made through platforms like the Bajaj Finserv Mutual Fund Platform. This platform offers investors access to over 1000+ mutual fund schemes, encompassing a wide range of options from debt to equity and hybrid funds, each catering to various investment objectives and risk tolerances.

Utilising the Bajaj Finserv Platform allows investors to meticulously assess and compare different mutual funds, ensuring they can make informed decisions tailored to their financial goals. The ability to analyse and interpret fund yields effectively empowers investors to optimise their portfolio for both income and growth, leveraging the extensive selection available on the Bajaj Finserv Mutual Fund Platform.

In summary, whether you are a new investor looking to start your journey or an experienced investor aiming to diversify and enhance your portfolio, the Bajaj Finserv Platform provides a comprehensive resource to explore and invest in mutual funds that align with your financial aspirations.

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Frequently asked questions

What is dividend yield in mutual fund?
Dividend yield in mutual funds refers to the measure of a fund's annual dividend payments relative to its current share price. Notably, this is not the actual dividends paid out, but the dividend yield percentage reflects the income an investor can expect relative to the price paid for the shares. It's a strategy used in "dividend yield funds" to identify stocks that offer high dividends relative to their share price, aiming to provide investors with steady income from dividends​.
Is yield the same as return?
Yield and return are related but distinct concepts. Yield typically refers to the earnings generated and realised on an investment over a specific period, usually expressed as a percentage. This can include interest or dividends received from the investment. Return, on the other hand, encompasses both the change in value of the investment and any income it generates, reflecting the total gain or loss experienced by the investor.
What is the average interest return on mutual funds?
The average interest return on mutual funds varies widely based on the type of fund, market conditions, and the period in question. Generally, equity funds have provided higher returns compared to debt funds over long periods due to the higher risks associated with equities. However, specific return rates can significantly differ from one year to another and among different fund categories.
What is the average income in mutual funds?
The average income from a mutual fund can vary depending on the type of fund. For example, income funds specifically aim to provide regular income through dividends from stocks or interest from bonds. The actual income received by investors depends on the dividend yield of the stocks in which the fund invests and the interest rates for bonds, both of which can fluctuate.
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Disclaimer

Bajaj Finance Limited (“BFL”) is an NBFC offering loans, deposits and third-party wealth management products.

The information contained in this article is for general informational purposes only and does not constitute any financial advice. The content herein has been prepared by BFL on the basis of publicly available information, internal sources and other third-party sources believed to be reliable. However, BFL cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information, assure its completeness, or warrant such information will not be changed. 

This information should not be relied upon as the sole basis for any investment decisions. Hence, User is advised to independently exercise diligence by verifying complete information, including by consulting independent financial experts, if any, and the investor shall be the sole owner of the decision taken, if any, about suitability of the same.