How To Save Tax For Salary Above 30 Lakh

To save tax on a salary above 30 lakh, maximise deductions under Section 80C with investments in EPF, PPF, and utilise deductions for HRA, LTA, and medical expenses.
How to save tax for salary above 30 lakh
3 min
25-June-2024

If you are a high-salaried individual, you must plan your taxes strategically. This helps in avoiding a heavy tax burden and leads to more savings. You can do so by utilising various tax-saving instruments and deductions available under the Income Tax Act.

Some key strategies include investing in tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, using deductions available under Sections 80D for health insurance premiums, 80E for education loan interest, and more. Let’s understand how you can save tax for a salary above Rs. 30 lakh in detail.

How to save tax for salary above 30 lakh?

To save tax on a salary above 30 lakh, you can claim the various deductions and exemptions available under the Income Tax Act. Let’s have a look at some major ones:

Section 80C Deductions

  • You can Invest up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in instruments like
    • Public Provident Fund (PPF)
    • National Savings Certificate (NSC)
    • Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS), and
    • Tax-saving Fixed Deposits.
  • Also, you can claim premiums paid or life insurance policies and the amount paid for tuition fees of your children’s education.

Section 80D

  • Claim deductions for health insurance premiums paid for yourself, your family, and your parents.
  • The limit is Rs. 25,000 for self, spouse, and children
  • However, this limit gets increased to Rs. 50,000 if your insured parents are senior citizens.

Section 80E

  • Deduct the interest paid on an education loan for higher studies
  • You can claim this deduction for up to eight years or until the interest is fully repaid, whichever comes first.

Section 24(b)

  • Deduct the interest paid on a home loan
    • You can claim up to Rs. 2 lakh per annum for a self-occupied property. 

National Pension System (NPS)

  • Under Section 80CCD(1B), you can invest up to Rs. 50,000 in the NPS
  • It is essential to note that this deduction is over and above the Rs. 1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C.

Section 80G

  • Claim deductions for donations made to specified charitable institutions and funds.
  • The amount of deduction varies based on the institution and is either 50% or 100% of the donation amount.

House Rent Allowance (HRA)

  • If you live in rented accommodation, you can claim HRA as per Section 10(13A)
  • However, you will get this deduction only if:
    • You pay rent
      and
    • Your salary structure includes an HRA component.

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA)

  • Claim LTA for travel expenses incurred for vacations within India
  • This can be claimed twice in a block of four years.

Income tax slabs under old vs New income tax regime

It must be noted that the Indian Income Tax system offers two distinct regimes: the old and the new tax regimes (effective from April 1, 2020). Each regime provides different tax slabs and benefits. Let us look at the latest income tax slab rates for FY 2024-25 under both of them:

Tax slab

FY 2023-24

(under the old tax regime)

Tax slab

FY 2023-24

(under the new tax regime)

Up to Rs. 2,50,000

Nil

Up to Rs. 3,00,000

Nil

Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 5,00,000

5%

Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 6,00,000

5%

Rs. 5,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000

20%

Rs. 6,00,000 to Rs. 9,00,000

10%

Rs. 10,00,000 and above

30%

Rs. 9,00,000 to rs. 12,00,000

15%

-

-

Rs. 12,00,000 to Rs. 15,00,000

20%

-

-

Rs. 15,00,000 and above

30%

 

Ways to save tax on 30 lakh salary

To maximise tax savings, you must be aware of the various sections under which you can claim exemptions and deductions. Both reduce your final tax liability in the following manner:

  • Salary - Exemptions = Taxable salary income
  • Taxable salary income - Deductions = Net taxable income

It is worth noting that reducing your “net taxable income” directly decreases your overall tax liability. Now, let’s see some key exemptions and deductions that you can claim to reduce your tax:

Part 1- Exemptions

Salary component

Taxability

Basic

Fully-taxable

Dearness Allowance (DA)

Fully-taxable

Professional Tax

Exempt up to Rs. 2,400 (this limit varies from state to state)

House Rent Allowance (HRA)

The exempt HRA is the least of the following amounts:

1. The actual HRA received by you

2. The actual rent paid minus 10% of the salary

3. 50% of the salary for metro cities or 40% of the salary for non-metro cities

(Here, “salary” is calculated as the sum of Basic Salary + Dearness Allowance)

Food

  • Exempt up to Rs. 50 per meal (maximum 2 meals a day)

  • Annually, this amounts to Rs. 31,200

Leave Travel Allowance (LTA)

You can claim an exemption for actual travel ticket expenses for 2 trips in 4 years

Children's Education Allowance

Rs. 4,800 per child per annum (maximum 2 children) is exempt from income tax

Mobile/ Internet Reimbursement

Your entire expense is exempt if used predominantly for office purposes (contingent upon submission of valid proofs and bills)

 

Part 2- Deductions

Deduction

Section

Details

Health Insurance Premium

80D

You can claim the following deductions for health insurance premiums paid:

  • Up to Rs. 25,000 for premiums paid for:

    • Yourself

    • Spouse

    • Dependent children

    • Parents

  • Up to Rs. 50,000 if

    • The family members covered

or 

  • Your parents are senior citizens (aged 60 years or above)

(Condition: The health insurance premium must not be paid through cash)

Education Loan Interest

80E

  • You can claim the “interest expense” as a deduction for a maximum of 8 years.

  • The loan must be taken for the higher-education of:

  • Self

  • Spouse

  • Dependent children or

  • A student of whom you are the legal guardian

Charitable Donations

80G

50% or 100% of the eligible amount

Tax-saving instruments

80C

  • You can make investments in tax-savings instruments and claim a maximum deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs per year.

  • Some common examples are:

    • PPF

    • ELSS

    • NSC

    • Tax-saving deposits

    • Repayment of principal amount of home loan

Disabled dependents

80DD

  • You can claim a deduction for medical expenses incurred on disabled dependents

  • If the disability is more than 40% but less than 80% you will get a deduction of Rs. 75,000

  • If the disability is severe, that is, more than 80%, you will get a deduction of Rs. 1,25,000

Home Loan Payments

80C/24B

  • For the principal amount paid, you can claim a deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs under Section 80C

  • For the interest amount paid, you can claim up to Rs. 2 lakhs under Section 24B

Standard deduction

16(ia)

You get Rs. 50,000 as deduction without any conditions attached

 

Which regime is better for 30 lakh LPA to save tax?

To choose the optimal tax regime for a Rs. 30 lakh annual salary, you must carefully calculate your tax liability under both the old and new tax regimes. Study the table below:

 

Particulars

Total taxable income - Old regime (in rupees)

Total taxable income - New regime (in rupees)

1)

Income under the head salary

30,00,000

30,00,000

2)

Less: Standard deduction u/s 16 (ia)

50,000

50,000

3)

Net income under the head salary (a-b)

29,50,000

29,50,000

4)

Income under the head house property

-

-

5)

Less: Deduction u/s 24

-

-

6)

Net income under the head house property (d-e)

-

-

7)

Gross total income (c+f)

29,50,000

29,50,000

8)

Less: Deduction u/s 80C

1,50,000

-

9)

Less: deduction u/s 80D

25,000

-

10)

Total Income (g-h-i)

27,75,000

29,50,000

11)

Less: Basic exemption

2,50,000

3,00,000

12)

Taxable income (j-k)

25,25,000

26,50,000

13)

Tax on taxable income

6,45,000

5,85,000

14)

Health and Education cess

25,800

23,400

15)

TaxPayable (m+n)

6,70,800

6,08,400


Upon observing the comparison above, opting for the new regime would be more beneficial for you as it would lead to additional tax savings of Rs. 62,400.

Tax savings strategies for salary above Rs. 30 lakh in India

For individuals with a salary exceeding Rs. 30 lakh in India, effective tax planning is essential to minimise tax liability and maximise savings. This can be done by making use of exemptions and allowable deductions. Let us look at some proven tax-saving strategies:

Deductions under sections 80C, 80CC, and 80CCD

Section 80C allows a maximum deduction of Rs. 1.5 lakh per year for investments and expenses like

  • Public Provident Fund (PPF)
  • Home loan principal repayment
  • Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS)
  • Life insurance premiums
  • Employee Provident Fund (EPF)
  • Children's tuition fees
  • National Savings Certificate (NSC)

Section 80CCC provides deductions for contributions to pension funds, with the combined limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh shared with Section 80C. Moreover, Section 80CCD offers additional deductions for contributions to the National Pension System (NPS), with

  • Section 80CCD(1) falling under the Rs. 1.5 lakh limit
    and
  • Section 80CCD(1B) allowing an extra Rs. 50,000 deduction

Medical costs

As per the Income Tax Act of 1961, medical expenses can be deducted under its various sections, such as:

  • Section 80D allows deductions for health insurance premiums,
    • Up to Rs. 25,000 for self, spouse, and children
      and
    • Up to Rs. 50,000 for senior citizen parents
  • Section 80DD offers deductions up to Rs. 75,000 (Rs. 1.25 lakh for severe disability) for expenses incurred on medical treatment of a dependent with a disability
  • Section 80DDB provides deductions for medical treatment of “specified diseases”,
    • Up to Rs. 40,000 for individuals below 60
      and
    • Rs. 1 lakh for senior citizens

Education loan

Under Section 80E of the Income Tax Act, individuals can claim deductions for the interest paid on education loans taken for higher studies. This deduction applies to loans for:

  • Oneself
  • Spouse
  • Children, or
  • A student for whom the individual is a legal guardian
  • There is no upper limit on the amount that can be claimed, but the deduction is available for up to eight consecutive years. However, you can claim this deduction for up to eight years or until the interest is fully repaid, whichever comes first.

Home loan

Under Section 80C, the principal repayment of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh annually is deductible. Additionally, under Section 24(b), you can claim a deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakh on home loan interest.

Also, first-time homebuyers benefit from an additional deduction of Rs. 50,000 under Section 80EE. By using these provisions, you can reduce your taxable income and make home ownership more affordable.

House rent allowance

You can claim the House Rent Allowance (HRA) as an exemption to reduce your tax liability. The maximum amount you can claim is the lowest of the following:

  • Actual HRA received
  • 50% of salary for those in metro cities (40% for non-metros)
  • Actual rent paid minus 10% of salary

To remain complaint, make sure all your rental agreements are in place and you are properly documenting rent payments.

Leave travel allowance

For the unaware, LTA covers travel expenses for the employee and their family within India. As per the tax laws, exemptions are available for the actual travel costs incurred. This benefit can be claimed for two journeys in a block of four years, and it covers travel by air, rail, or other public transport.

Again, it is necessary to maintain proper documentation, including tickets and boarding passes.

Capital gains

As per the latest Income Tax Laws,

  • LTCG from equity investments over Rs. 1 lakh are taxed at 10% (without the benefit of indexation)
  • Whereas LTCG from property or debt instruments held over three years benefit from 20% tax (with indexation)

To defer or exempt LTCG tax, you can:

  • Invest in specified bonds under Section 54EC
    or
  • Reinvest in residential property under Sections 54 and 54F

ELSS mutual funds

Investments up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in ELSS are eligible for deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. ELSS comes with a three-year lock-in period. It is the shortest duration among the various tax-saving investment options provided under Section 80C.

ELSS mutual fund schemes primarily invest in equities and have the potential to provide higher returns compared to other Section 80C instruments.

Summary

Effective tax planning is crucial for individuals earning above Rs. 30 lakh annually in India. This can be done by utilising deductions and exemptions under the Income Tax Act. One of the key strategies includes investing up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in Section 80C instruments like PPF, ELSS, and life insurance.

Additionally, you can claim deductions for health insurance premiums under Section 80D and interest on education loans under Section 80E. Also, home loan interest and principal amount deductions are available under Section 80C and 24B, respectively.

Furthermore, always remember to calculate your tax liability under both the old and new tax regimes, as each offers distinct benefits and leads to different tax liabilities. Are you looking to invest in mutual funds and achieve your financial goals? The Bajaj Finserv Platform has listed 1,000+ mutual funds online. Start comparing mutual funds today and start investing!

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Frequently asked questions

How to save maximum tax on a 30 lakh salary?
Maximise your tax savings by utilising all eligible deductions and exemptions under the Income Tax Act, such as making investments u/s 80C (up to Rs. 1.5 lakh deduction), paying health insurance premium u/s 80D (up to Rs. 25,000 or Rs. 50,000 as deduction), interest on higher education loan u/s 80E (no limit) and more.
Which tax regime is better for 30 LPA?
If you do not have substantial savings or deductions to claim, opting for a new regime could offer you more tax advantages. However, before choosing, always compare both regimes by calculating taxes.
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The information contained in this article is for general informational purposes only and does not constitute any financial advice. The content herein has been prepared by BFL on the basis of publicly available information, internal sources and other third-party sources believed to be reliable. However, BFL cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information, assure its completeness, or warrant such information will not be changed. 

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