Borrowing a loan is a serious financial obligation. Thus, you must know the full extent of your actions beforehand. Regardless of your diligence when it comes to borrowing, financial emergencies tend to show up unannounced and may get the best of you. In such an instance, certain personal loan defaulter consequences can be averted as long as there is a discourse between you and the lender.
Further, recognising when things are going downhill can help you resolve at the right time to avoid damage to your finances and credit score. Take a look at what you must watch out for and what can happen if you default on a personal loan.
Additional Read: What is repo rate and how does repo rate impact on personal loan?
The warning signs to watch out for personal loan default
Lender issues a notification
Lenders typically issue a notification after the first or second missed payment. Some lenders may have already had an agent call or message you on your registered phone number asking you to make payments. Post this; the lender may issue a default notice document stating the cashing in of post-dated cheques if there is no response from your end.
Additional Read: 4 top factors that led to the growth of NBFCs in India
Lender opens the door to negotiations
When your lender initiates this kind of contact, you can approach your lender to solve your problem. If you're a genuine defaulter, i.e. your reason for defaulting is unavoidable and unfortunate, your lender might even choose to halt your EMIs or reduce the amount temporarily. However, you need to ensure that this approach is a priority as the next step could severely affect you.
Additional Read: Managing Personal Loan default
Submission of post-dated cheques
Suppose you ignore the notices and do not approach the lender to look for a solution. The lender will then send you a notice stating that your post-dated cheques will be presented to the bank on a particular date. You must ensure that there is enough balance in the account for the cheque to go through. As per the RBI guidelines for personal loan defaulters, you can be charged as a criminal if your cheques bounce, as stated under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act of 1881.
The consequences of a personal loan default
If there is no resolution, you will have to face the personal loan defaulter's punishment in India. As this is an unsecured loan, you will be placed on a loan defaulters list. This will also reflect on your credit history and severely affect your ability to secure loans in the future. Furthermore, you may also be booked under section 420 of the Indian Penal Code, which involves imprisonment.
It is best to have an emergency fund to stay afloat to avoid all these personal loan default consequences in India. Alternatively, you can negotiate with your lender about closing your loan altogether in exchange for a part-prepayment. This method is called a haircut and is only employed as a last resort.
Additional Read: What happens when you fail to repay a loan
To reduce your chances of a loan default right from the start of your borrowing journey, consider applying with a lender that makes repayment easy. For instance, when you opt for a personal loan, you can avail of nominal interest rates and a flexible tenor to match your repayment capabilities. This will help you keep your EMIs as low as possible, allowing you to make payments even in times of emergencies.
You can even avail of the Flexi Personal Loan and reduce your EMIs up to 45% by paying interest-only EMIs and paying off the principal at the end of the tenor. This way, you can better manage your cash flow and reduce the risk of default.
Most importantly, you can check your pre-approved offer to avail of a customised loan deal that reduces your chances of default with a tailored offering to meet your financial needs and suit your repayment potential.
While care is taken to update the information, products, and services included in or available on our website and related platforms/websites, there may be inadvertent inaccuracies or typographical errors or delays in updating the information. The material contained in this site, and on associated web pages, is for reference and general information purpose and the details mentioned in the respective product/service document shall prevail in case of any inconsistency. Subscribers and users should seek professional advice before acting on the basis of the information contained herein. Please take an informed decision with respect to any product or service after going through the relevant product/service document and applicable terms and conditions. In case any inconsistencies observed, please click on reach us.
*Terms and conditions apply