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What are the Legal Consequences of a Personal loan Default in India?

  • Highlights

  • Upon defaulting, pay attention to the warning signs

  • Lenders first issue a default notice on missed payments

  • Post-dated cheques are cashed after 3 months of no payment

  • Avail nominal interest rates on Bajaj Finserv Personal Loans

Borrowing a loan is a serious financial obligation. Thus, you must know the full extent of your actions beforehand. Regardless of your diligence when it comes to borrowing, financial emergencies tend to show up unannounced and may get the best of you. In such an instance, certain personal loan defaulter consequences can be averted as long as there is discourse between you and the lender.

Further, recognising when things are going downhill can help you take a resolve at the right time to avoid damage to your finances and credit score. Take a look at what you must watch out for and what can happen if you default on your personal loan.

Additional Read : What is Repo Rate and How Does Repo Rate Impact On Personal Loan?

The Warning Signs to Watch Out for Personal Loan Default

Lender Issues a Notification

Lenders typically issue a notification after the first or second missed payment. Some lenders may have already had an agent call or message you on your registered phone number asking you to make payments. Post this, the lender may issue a default notice document stating the cashing in of post-dated cheques will be initiated if there is no response from your end.

Additional Read : 4 Top Factors That Led to the Growth of NBFCs in India

Lender Opens the Door to Negotiations

When your lender initiates this kind of contact, you can approach your lender in an attempt to find a solution to your problem. If you’re a genuine defaulter, i.e. your reason for defaulting is unavoidable and unfortunate, your lender might even choose to halt your EMIs or reduce the amount temporarily. However, you need to ensure that this approach is priority as the next step could severely affect you.

Additional Read: Managing Your Personal Loan Default

Submission of Post-dated Cheques

If you ignore the notices and do not approach the lender to look for a solution. The lender will then send you a notice stating that your post-dated cheques will be presented to the bank on a particular date. You must ensure that there is enough balance in the account for the cheque to go through. As per the RBI guidelines for personal loan defaulters, you can be charged as a criminal if your cheques bounce, as this is clearly stated under section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act of 1881.

The Consequences of a Personal Loan Default

If there is no resolution, you will have to face the personal loan defaulter’s punishment in India. As this is an unsecured loan, you will be placed on a loan defaulters list. This will also reflect on your credit history and severely affect your ability to secure loans in the future. Furthermore, you may also be booked under section 420 of the Indian Penal Code, which involves imprisonment.

In order to avoid all these personal loan default consequences in India, it is best to have an emergency fund to stay afloat. Alternatively, you can negotiate with your lender about closing out your loan altogether in exchange for a part-prepayment. This method is called a haircut and is only employed as a last resort.

Additional Read: What Happen When You Fail to Repay a Loan

To reduce your chances of a loan default right from the start of your borrowing journey, consider applying with a lender that makes repayment easy. For instance, when you opt for the personal loan, you can avail of nominal interest rates and a flexible tenor to match your repayment capabilities. This will help you keep your EMIs as low as possible, allowing you to make payments even in times of emergencies.
You can even avail of the Flexi Personal Loan and reduce your EMIs up to 45% by paying interest-only EMIs and pay off the principal at the end of the tenor. This way, you can better manage your cash flow and reduces the risk of defaulting.
Most importantly, you can, check your pre-approved offer to avail of a customised loan deal that reduces your chances of default with a tailored offering to meet your financial needs and suit your repayment potential.


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