What is Masked Aadhaar

UIDAI issues masked Aadhaar card IDs to Aadhaar card holders to add another layer of security.
Personal Loan
3 min

Aadhaar has become a cornerstone of identity verification in India, serving as a vital KYC (Know Your Customer) document for various financial transactions, including personal loans. When applying for a personal loan, an Aadhaar card is instrumental in verifying an individual's identity and residential address, streamlining the lending process. This brings us to the concept of a "Masked Aadhaar," an alternative to the regular Aadhaar card, which enhances privacy by masking the first 8 digits of your Aadhaar number. This article will delve into what Masked Aadhaar is, how it works, and why it might be a preferable option for safeguarding your personal information while maintaining the functionality of Aadhaar as a KYC document.

What is the masked Aadhaar card?

A masked Aadhaar card is a version of the Aadhaar card where the first 8 digits of the 12-digit Aadhaar number are masked or hidden, revealing only the last 4 digits. This partial masking enhances privacy and security when sharing Aadhaar details for authentication or verification purposes. The masked Aadhaar card can be used in situations where disclosing the full Aadhaar number is not required, providing individuals with a more secure way to share their Aadhaar information while protecting sensitive personal data. The concept of a masked Aadhaar card was introduced by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to safeguard individuals' privacy and prevent potential misuse of Aadhaar numbers.

What makes a masked Aadhaar card different from a regular Aadhaar card?

The Masked Aadhaar Card differs from a regular Aadhaar Card primarily in terms of the visibility of the Aadhaar number. Here are the key differences:

  1. Partial masking of Aadhaar number: In a masked Aadhaar card, the first 8 digits of the 12-digit Aadhaar number are replaced with 'x' or '*' characters, revealing only the last 4 digits. This masking enhances privacy by concealing a significant portion of the Aadhaar number.
  2. Enhanced security: Masking the Aadhaar number reduces the risk of identity theft or misuse of Aadhaar information. It ensures that individuals can share their Aadhaar details for authentication or verification purposes without revealing their complete Aadhaar number.
  3. Suitability for certain use cases: The Masked Aadhaar Card is particularly useful in situations where sharing the full Aadhaar number is unnecessary or poses a privacy risk. For instance, it can be used for eKYC (electronic know your customer) processes, where only limited identification information is required.
  4. Validity and acceptance: Despite the masking, a masked Aadhaar card remains a valid form of identification accepted by various government and private agencies. It retains essential details such as the individual's name, photograph, and demographic information, ensuring usability for most purposes.

How do I download the masked Aadhaar card?

To download a masked Aadhaar card from the UIDAI website, follow these simplified steps:

  1. Visit the official UIDAI website and go to the "Download Aadhaar" section.
  2. Input your Aadhaar number, name, and the displayed security code, and then choose the "Masked Aadhaar" option.
  3. Confirm that your request by entering the OTP sent to your registered mobile number.
  4. Download the masked Aadhaar card, which will be saved as a PDF file.
  5. To access the PDF, enter the password, which consists of the first four uppercase letters of your name followed by your birth year.

What is the password for the masked Aadhaar card? 

When you download a masked Aadhaar card, it comes as a password-protected PDF file. To access this file, you need a password that combines the first four letters of your name in uppercase (as it appears on your Aadhaar card) and your birth year in the YYYY format. For instance, if your name is Rohan and you were born in 1984, the password to open your Aadhaar PDF would be ROHA1984. This specific format ensures that your Aadhaar data remains secure yet accessible to you. 

Why should you use a masked Aadhaar card instead of a regular Aadhaar card?

Utilising a masked Aadhaar card provides additional security and privacy advantages, particularly when you need to submit your Aadhaar information for various transactions, such as applying for personal loans. By concealing part of your Aadhaar number, a masked Aadhaar card helps minimise the potential for identity theft and prevents the misuse of your Aadhaar details. 

How KYC documents such as an Aadhaar card are useful while applying for a personal loan

KYC documents like the Aadhaar card are essential requirements when applying for a personal loan. Lenders use these documents to verify your identity, address, and other necessary details. The Aadhaar card simplifies the KYC process due to its government-backed authenticity and digital availability.

When applying for a personal loan, having a valid and verified Aadhaar card can expedite the loan approval process. It helps lenders establish your identity and eligibility criteria swiftly, facilitating a smoother loan application experience.


In conclusion, understanding the concept of masked Aadhaar and its relevance in financial transactions like personal loan applications is crucial in today's data-driven world. By opting for a masked Aadhaar card, individuals can safeguard their privacy and minimise the risks associated with identity theft or the unauthorised use of Aadhaar information. When applying for personal loans, ensuring that your KYC documents, including your Aadhaar card, are in order can significantly streamline the loan approval process. Therefore, embracing security measures like masked Aadhaar can enhance both convenience and protection in your financial interactions.


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Frequently asked questions

What is masked Aadhaar used for?
Masked Aadhaar is used to protect your Aadhaar number by masking the first 8 digits, revealing only the last 4 digits. It can be used for verification purposes without disclosing your full Aadhaar number.
Can I download masked Aadhaar without OTP?
You can download masked Aadhaar without OTP by visiting the UIDAI website and using the VID (Virtual ID) option.
How can I unlock my masked Aadhaar card?
To unlock your masked Aadhaar card, you need to generate a new virtual ID from the UIDAI website.
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