What Is Accrued Interest

Accrued interest is the interest that accumulates on a financial instrument between interest payment dates. Understanding accrued interest is crucial for investors, impacting the purchase and sale of these assets.
Personal Loan
3 min

Accrued interest is the interest that builds up on a loan or financial instrument over a period of time, but has not yet been paid. It represents the amount of interest that accumulates from one payment date to the next, not immediately due upon incurring. This concept is crucial in finance as it reflects the true cost of borrowing and ensures that interest charges are recognised in the period they are incurred, regardless of when payments are made. Accrued interest is applicable to a wide range of financial products, including bonds, loans, and mortgages, impacting both borrowers and lenders by dictating the periodic interest obligations.

In the context of personal loans, understanding accrued interest is key for borrowers to manage their debt efficiently. It affects the total repayment amount and influences how each repayment instalment is split between principal reduction and interest payment. This knowledge allows borrowers to make informed decisions about loan prepayments or choosing the right loan structure to minimise interest costs over time.

What is accrued interest?

Accrued interest refers to the interest that accumulates on a financial instrument or loan over time. Essentially, it represents the interest that has been earned or incurred but not yet paid or received. This accrual occurs daily, typically based on the outstanding principal amount and the applicable interest rate. It is a critical concept in finance, ensuring that interest earnings and payments are allocated to the appropriate periods, thereby providing a fair and accurate picture of an individual’s or institution's financial situation. For both lenders and borrowers, understanding how accrued interest works is crucial for maintaining transparent financial records and for effective debt management.

How accrued interest works?

Accrued interest operates on the principle that interest accrues continuously based on the outstanding balance of a loan or investment. For example, when you borrow money through a personal loan, interest begins accruing from the day the loan is disbursed. Similarly, when you invest in a bond or a savings account, accrued interest reflects the interest earned up to a specific date, even if it hasn’t been paid out yet.

This method ensures that any payment made towards a loan or credit goes first to cover the accrued interest, with any remaining amount then applied to reduce the principal balance. Over time, the way accrued interest is handled can significantly impact the overall cost of borrowing or the returns on investments.

Which financial products use accrued interest?

Accrued interest is a fundamental aspect of various financial products, including loans, bonds, mortgages, and savings accounts. In the context of personal loans, accrued interest represents the additional amount you owe to the lender beyond the principal, which accumulates over the loan tenure until it is fully repaid. Similarly, in investments such as bonds, accrued interest denotes the interest earned by the bondholder from the time of purchase to the present date.

How accrued interest is calculated on loans?

The calculation of accrued interest on loans depends on several factors, including the outstanding principal amount, the annual interest rate, and the accrual period. Typically, lenders use simple interest or compound interest formulas to determine accrued interest. In simple interest, the interest accrues only on the principal amount, whereas in compound interest, it accumulates on both the principal and any previously accrued interest.

These calculations can become the basis for making financial decisions, such as whether to make early payments on loans or how these early payments might affect the total amount of interest paid over the life of the loan. Accurate calculation of accrued interest is essential for both borrowers and lenders as it determines the true cost of borrowing and the income from lending activities, influencing financial planning and management decisions.

Read more about the fees and charges of a personal loan in detail.


Accrued interest is a crucial concept to understand when managing personal finances, especially when considering loans for significant life events like weddings. By comprehending how accrued interest works and its implications on loan repayments, borrowers can make informed decisions to ensure financial stability. When seeking a personal loan, it is essential to choose a reputable lender like Bajaj Finance, known for its competitive rates, flexible terms, and hassle-free application process. By partnering with Bajaj Finance, you can access tailored financial solutions that align with your needs and goals, empowering you to fulfil your dreams without financial stress.

Apply now and get the best deal on our personal loan.


While care is taken to update the information, products, and services included in or available on our website and related platforms/ websites, there may be inadvertent inaccuracies or typographical errors or delays in updating the information. The material contained in this site, and on associated web pages, is for reference and general information purpose and the details mentioned in the respective product/ service document shall prevail in case of any inconsistency. Subscribers and users should seek professional advice before acting on the basis of the information contained herein. Please take an informed decision with respect to any product or service after going through the relevant product/ service document and applicable terms and conditions. In case any inconsistencies are observed, please click on reach us.

*Terms and conditions apply

Frequently asked questions

How do I calculate accrued interest?
To calculate accrued interest, multiply the interest rate by the principal amount and the fraction of the year that has elapsed since the last interest payment.
What is the difference between interest and accrued interest?
Interest is the cost of borrowing money or the return on investment, paid periodically. Accrued interest is the accumulated interest that has not yet been paid or received.
Is the accrued interest taxable?
Yes, accrued interest is typically taxable in the year it accrues, regardless of whether it's been received or not. Consult a tax advisor for specific situations.
Show More Show Less