Understanding retail loans and its types

Read on to know the meaning of a retail loan, its types and the benefits of getting one.
Understanding retail loans and its types
5 min read
01 August 2023

Loans are a crucial aspect that help individuals to meet their financial needs. Retail loans, also known as consumer loans, play a significant role in providing financial support to individuals for various personal expenses. These loans are tailored for diverse requirements, ranging from renovating your home to funding higher education or managing medical expenses. In this article, we will explore what retail loans are and delve into the different types of retail loans available in the market.

What are retail loans?

Retail loans are a category of loans that are primarily designed to meet the financial requirements of borrowers rather than businesses. These loans are offered by NBFCs and banks. The eligibility criteria for a retail loan are typically based on the borrower’s creditworthiness, income, and repayment capability. The interest rates on these loans may vary depending on market conditions, the lender’s terms, and the borrower’s credit profile. You can opt for retail loans in case you want to make an immediate purchase but do not have the funds to pay for it.

What are the types of retail loans?

Given below are various types of retail loans which are given by the NBFCs and banks:

1. Personal loans:
Personal loans are versatile retail loans that can be used for a wide range of personal expenses, such as paying for higher education, funding a wedding, or covering medical emergencies. Personal loans are unsecured, meaning they don't require collateral. As a result, lenders rely heavily on the borrower's creditworthiness and financial history when determining eligibility and interest rates.

2. Home loans:
Home loans are one of the most common types of retail loans. They are specifically designed to help individuals buy residential properties. These loans are secured and usually have longer repayment tenures, often stretching up to 20 or 30 years. Home loans can be either fixed-rate or adjustable-rate mortgages, offering borrowers the choice of a stable interest rate over the loan term or an interest rate that fluctuates with market conditions.

3. Education loans:
Education loans, also known as student loans, are designed to help individuals to finance their higher education expenses. These loans may cover the tuition fees of the student. Education loans often offer flexible repayment options, and some may allow deferred payments until after the completion of the course.

4. Auto loans:
Auto loans are aimed at assisting individuals in purchasing vehicles, such as cars, and motorcycles. Like home loans, auto loans can be secured by the vehicle itself, which means the lender can claims the vehicle if the borrower defaults on the loan. The repayment terms for auto loans are typically shorter, usually ranging from two to seven years.

5. Consumer durable loans:
Consumer durable loans are specialised retail loans that finance the purchase of goods like electronics, appliances, furniture, and other household items. These loans are typically short-term and may offer zero or low-interest financing options. These type of loans usually have a short repayment tenure of a few months to 2 years.

What are the advantages of a retail loan?

Retail loans offer several advantages to borrowers, making them a popular choice for individuals looking to meet their financial needs. Here are some key advantages of a retail loan:

1. Accessibility:
Retail loans are widely available from various financial institutions, including NBFCs, banks, and credit unions. The application process for these loans is often straightforward and convenient, with many lenders offering online applications. This accessibility makes it easier for borrowers to access the funds they need quickly.

2. Use of funds:
One of the significant advantages of retail loans is their versatility in usage. Borrowers can utilise the funds for a wide range of purposes, such as funding education, covering medical expenses, and even purchasing a car or house. This flexibility allows borrowers to address various financial needs with a loan.

3. Quick disbursement:
Retail loans are designed for swift disbursal of funds, especially personal loans. Once the loan is approved, the funds are often transferred to the borrower's account within a day, enabling them to address their immediate financial requirements.

4. Flexible repayment options:
Some retail loans, like personal loans and education loans, often come with flexible repayment options. Borrowers may have the choice to opt for longer or shorter tenures, depending on their financial circumstances and repayment capacity.

Retail loans have become an integral part of modern-day financial systems, providing individuals with the means to fulfil their personal necessities. With various types of loans available, borrowers have access to an array of financial products. However, you should carefully assess your financial situation, compare loan options, use a loan EMI calculator online, and choose the most suitable retail loan that aligns with your repayment capacity.


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