Treps in Mutual Funds

Treps is a short-term borrowing and lending arrangement used by mutual funds, banks, and financial institutions.
3 min

What are TREPS in Mutual Funds?

If you are a regular investor in mutual funds, understanding the tools and mechanisms for optimising returns and managing risks is paramount. One such tool that garners significant attention for its role in enhancing portfolio performance is the Treasury Bills Repurchase Agreement, commonly known as TREPS. This article helps you understand TREPS 'meaning in mutual fund, highlighting its definition, reasons mutual funds invest in it, operational mechanics, impacts on share price, benefits, risks, and the regulatory framework governing its use.

What is TREPS (Treasury Bills Repurchase)?

TREPS or Treasury Bills Repurchase Agreement is a short-term borrowing mechanism where securities are sold with an agreement to repurchase them at a predetermined price on a future date. Predominantly involving government securities, TREPS serves as a vital liquidity management tool, offering mutual funds a secure avenue for parking surplus funds or obtaining quick financing without the need to sell off assets permanently.

Why do Mutual Funds invest in TREPS?

Mutual funds invest in TREPS for a variety of reasons, each aiming to bolster the fund's performance and stability.

  • Liquidity management - TREPS provides mutual funds with the flexibility to manage daily liquidity needs efficiently, allowing for the quick conversion of securities into cash to meet redemption requests or take advantage of investment opportunities.
  • Safety and security - Given the government backing of treasury bills, TREPS transactions are deemed highly secure, minimising the risk of loss for mutual funds.
  • Short-term earnings - By investing idle cash in TREPS, mutual funds can earn additional income, enhancing overall portfolio returns without significant risk.
  • Portfolio diversification - TREPS add another layer of diversification to a mutual fund's portfolio, reducing volatility and exposure to market fluctuations.
  • Meet regulatory requirements - Mutual funds utilise TREPS to maintain liquidity ratios and comply with regulatory mandates, ensuring they have sufficient liquid assets on hand.

How TREPS in Mutual Fund works?

In a TREPS transaction, a mutual fund sells treasury bills or other government securities to another party with an agreement to repurchase them at a later date, usually within a short timeframe, at a higher price. The difference between the sale and repurchase price represents the interest earned by the mutual fund, offering a mechanism to earn from short-term investments.

What is the impact of TREPS on Mutual Fund share price?

TREPS can influence mutual fund share prices indirectly by improving the fund's liquidity and earnings, contributing to a more attractive investment portfolio and potentially leading to increased investor demand for the fund's shares.

Benefits of investing in TREPS?

Investing in TREPS (Treasury Bills Repurchase Agreements) offers a range of benefits for mutual funds and other institutional investors. These benefits stem from the unique characteristics of TREPS, including their safety, liquidity, and short-term nature. Here's a detailed look at the advantages of incorporating TREPS into an investment strategy:

  • Enhanced liquidity: TREPS provide mutual funds with a highly liquid investment option. Given their short-term nature, TREPS can be quickly converted into cash, making them an excellent tool for managing daily liquidity needs. This liquidity is crucial for mutual funds, especially in times of high redemption pressures, allowing them to meet withdrawal demands without the need to liquidate longer-term investments that may incur higher costs or losses.
  • Low risk: As TREPS typically involve government securities, they are considered low-risk investments. The backing of the government or high-quality corporate issuers minimises the risk of default, making TREPS a safe haven, especially in volatile market conditions. This safety feature is particularly appealing to conservative investors or those looking to balance out the riskier portions of their portfolios.
  • Income generation: While TREPS are low risk and short term, they offer the opportunity for mutual funds to earn income through the interest earned over the repurchase agreement period. This can be an effective way to enhance overall portfolio returns, even if the interest rates on these agreements are relatively low compared to other investment vehicles.
  • Portfolio diversification: Investing in TREPS adds a layer of diversification to a mutual fund’s portfolio. By allocating funds to different types of investments, including short-term instruments like TREPS, mutual funds can reduce overall portfolio risk and volatility. Diversification across asset classes and investment types is a fundamental principle of sound investment management.
  • Operational flexibility: TREPS transactions offer mutual funds operational flexibility, allowing them to manage their cash flows more effectively. This flexibility helps funds to quickly respond to market opportunities or liquidity needs by temporarily moving funds into or out of TREPS without significant impact on their strategic asset allocation.
  • Meeting regulatory requirements: Mutual funds often have regulatory requirements related to liquidity ratios and cash holdings. Investing in TREPS can help funds meet these requirements by maintaining a portion of their portfolio in liquid, short-term instruments. This compliance not only ensures regulatory adherence but also enhances the fund's stability and resilience.
  • Market stability: By participating in TREPS, mutual funds contribute to the overall stability and efficiency of the financial markets. These transactions help maintain liquidity in the government securities market, which is beneficial for the broader economy and financial system.
  • Cost-effectiveness: Compared to other short-term investment options, TREPS can be more cost-effective due to their low transaction costs and the competitive interest rates they offer. This cost-efficiency can contribute to higher net returns for the investors.

Risks of Treps in Mutual Funds

While TREPS are considered low risk, mutual funds must be wary of counterparty risk, liquidity risk, and interest rate fluctuations, which could affect the profitability and viability of TREPS investments.

Regulatory framework and guidelines for TREPS

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) oversee the regulatory framework for TREPS, ensuring transparency, security, and efficiency in these transactions. Mutual funds must adhere to these guidelines to participate in TREPS.

  • SEBI’s regulatory framework: Execution Only Platforms for Mutual Funds: SEBI has laid down a regulatory framework for Execution Only Platforms that facilitate transactions in direct plans of schemes of Mutual Funds. This framework ensures transparency and efficiency in the execution process.
  • Minimum investment in liquid assets: SEBI mandates that mutual funds must invest a minimum of 5% of their assets in liquid assets like TREPS.
  • RBI’s regulatory landscape: Information Technology Governance, Risk, Controls, and Assurance practices: The RBI has issued Master Directions related to Information Technology Governance, Risk, Controls, and Assurance Practices. These directions provide guidelines for managing IT risks and ensuring robust controls in the financial sector.


TREPS play a crucial role in the strategy of mutual funds, offering a blend of liquidity, safety, and income generation. As mutual funds continue to navigate the complexities of the financial markets, the use of TREPS remains a testament to the nuanced approach required to manage investments effectively. By using platforms like the Bajaj Finserv Mutual Fund Platform, investors have the opportunity to explore and invest in over 1000 mutual funds, leveraging instruments like TREPS to optimise returns and manage risks effectively.

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Frequently asked questions

Is TREPS good for mutual funds?
Yes, TREPS is beneficial for mutual funds, providing liquidity, security, and an opportunity for short-term earnings.
What does TREPS stand for?
TREPS stands for Treasury Bills Repurchase Agreement, a mechanism for short-term borrowing using government securities.
Who can participate in TREPS?
Institutional investors such as mutual funds, banks, and financial institutions are eligible to participate in TREPS.
What is the meaning of TREPS in RBI?
In the context of RBI, TREPS refers to the framework and platform for facilitating repurchase agreements (repos) in government securities, aimed at enhancing liquidity and stability in the financial market.
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