Financial Regulatory Bodies

Financial regulators oversee markets, ensuring fairness. They enforce rules to protect consumers and maintain stability in the financial system.
Financial Regulatory Bodies
4 min

Financial regulators are government agencies responsible for overseeing and regulating financial institutions and markets. A well-functioning financial system is crucial for businesses, consumers, and the economy. Hence, regulators such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) have been set up to regulate the framework of India’s financial system.

The primary goal of these financial regulators is to protect consumers, promote financial stability, and ensure transparent and fair financial practices.

Financial regulators can have various responsibilities, such as:

  • Overseeing financial institutions, including banks, credit unions, and insurance firms, to ensure they comply with the rules and regulations.
  • Enforcing rules and regulations related to financial products and services, including consumer protection regulations and anti-money laundering laws.
  • Monitoring financial markets to identify and address potential threats or risks to financial stability.
  • Carrying out investigations and imposing penalties on individuals or financial institutions that violate the rules or regulations.

This article covers in detail the function, role, and importance of the financial regulatory bodies in India.

Also read: Bajaj Finance fixed deposit a winner

Reserve Bank of India (RBI)

The Reserve Bank of India is the country’s central bank. It manages the government’s banking transactions, issues government securities, and maintains the government’s accounts. It also handles credit supply, oversees banking operations, and helps maintain a stable financial system.

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is a regulatory body responsible for overseeing the securities market in the country. It plays a crucial role in protecting the interests of investors, maintaining fair practices, and promoting the development of the securities market. SEBI is run by its board of members.

Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI)

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India is a financial regulator of the Indian money market. It is mainly responsible for regulating and licensing the insurance and re-insurance industries in the country. It promotes the development of the insurance industry and protects the interests of policyholders.

IRDAI operates under the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act 1999 and is authorised to issue regulations, guidelines, and directives to insurance firms, intermediaries, and other stakeholders.

It also regulates the entry of foreign direct investments into the insurance industry, protecting the interests of domestic players and encouraging healthy competition.

Also read: Fixed deposit calculator for retirement planning

Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA)

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs is a financial regulator in India that regulates the industrial and services sectors. Its main objective is to promote corporate growth while protecting the interests of various stakeholders, including employees, shareholders, and consumers. It administers the Competition Act of 2002, protecting the interests of participants and preventing unfair practices in the market. It also acts as a custodian of corporate data and helps ensure accountability, transparency, and ethical conduct in business operations.

Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA)

PFRDA is a governing body that promotes the growth of the pension sector in India. It regulates pension funds, custodians, and other parties involved in the National Pension System (NPS). As India’s population continues to age, PFRDA’s role becomes increasingly crucial in ensuring a financially stable future for its citizens.

National Housing Bank (NHB)

NHB is the regulatory body for the housing finance sector in India. Established in 1988, NHB operates as a subsidiary of the Reserve Bank of India. It supervises and regulates housing finance companies, provides financial support to institutions engaged in housing finance, and facilitates the development of the housing finance market.

Forward Markets Commission (FMC)

FMC was a financial regulatory agency in charge of the commodity futures market in India. In 2015, FMC merged with SEBI to combine the regulation of the commodity derivatives and securities markets solely under SEBI.

The functions of FMC included safeguarding investor interests, overseeing exchanges, managing risks, and promoting market development. Its regulatory framework ensured transparency, fair trade practices, and market integrity.

Also read: Fixed deposit can help you earn higher returns

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)

IBBI is a governing body in charge of regulating the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) in India. Established in 2016, IBBI aims to promote and enable the resolution of bankruptcy and insolvency cases in a speedy manner. Its authority involves regulating insolvency professional agencies, insolvency practitioners, and information utilities.

Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI)

AMFI is an Indian-based industry association of mutual funds. It safeguards the interests of asset management firms and encourages the development of the mutual fund industry. It plays a key role in standardising practices, educating investors, and maintaining high professional and ethical standards among asset management firms. It also acts as a forum for its members to discuss and address industry issues. AMFI works closely with SEBI to ensure compliance with regulatory standards.


As new trends emerge in India, it can be challenging to understand the regulations of the banking, securities, and insurance industries. The regulatory framework of the Indian financial system involves several financial regulators, such as RBI, SEBI, AMFI and FMC, among others. Banking, insurance, commodity market, capital market, and pension funds are the major financial sectors in India. Consumer protection, financial stability, maintaining market confidence, and reducing financial fraud or crime are the main objectives of the country’s financial regulatory authorities.

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As regards deposit taking activity of Bajaj Finance Ltd (BFL), the viewers may refer to the advertisement in the Indian Express (Mumbai Edition) and Loksatta (Pune Edition) furnished in the application form for soliciting public deposits or refer
The company is having a valid Certificate of Registration dated March 5, 1998 issued by the Reserve Bank of India under section 45 IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. However, the RBI does not accept any responsibility or guarantee about the present position as to the financial soundness of the company or for the correctness of any of the statements or representations made or opinions expressed by the company and for repayment of deposits/discharge of the liabilities by the company.

For the FD calculator the actual returns may vary slightly if the Fixed Deposit tenure includes a leap year.