Demand Schedule

Demand schedule shows how much of a consumers are willing to buy at different prices. It helps in market analysis.
3 min

The law of demand states that the demand for a product will decline as its price increases and increase as the price declines. Therefore, there is an inverse relationship between the price of a product and its demand.

Understanding the dynamics of demand is vital for economists, businesses, and policymakers alike. Demand schedules provide valuable insights into market trends, consumer behaviour, and pricing strategies.

Understanding demand schedules

1. Primary components of demand schedules

A demand schedule covers two main components:

  • Price of a product or service
  • Quantity of the product or service demanded at various prices

Price refers to the amount of money consumers are willing to pay for a specific quantity of a product or service, while quantity demanded represents the amount of that product or service consumers are willing and able to purchase at a given price point.

A demand schedule is usually analysed alongside the supply schedule. A supply schedule indicates the quantity that a manufacturer can supply to the market at a specific price point. The plotting of the demand and the supply schedules on a graph helps better understand pricing patterns and the dynamics of the price and demand.

In a typical demand and supply dynamic, the quantity demanded declines with a rise in the price of the goods or services. In case all other factors are assumed to be equal, the market would reach an equilibrium at the point where demand and supply schedules meet on the graph.

2. Other components

Though information for the price of the product and the demand for the quantity of that product are always present, analysts may choose to include other values in a demand schedule. The following are a few other components of demand schedules:

  • Consumer groups: Some demand schedules may include information about where the quantity demanded is coming from by dividing the consumer base into different groups.
  • Labels for values: Many demand schedules include labels for values to provide more details about the units of the price.
  • Month or year: Though not all, some demand schedules may include date or time information to track specific periods or predictions for future price and quantity.
  • Quantity supplied: This represents how much of the product is actually exchanged between the seller and buyer. The table becomes a supply and demand schedule when this value is included.

Also Read: Demand Draft

Types of demand schedules

Demand schedules can be divided into two types:

  • Individual demand schedule: This is a tabular depiction of the quantities of products that an individual demands at different times and prices, keeping all other factors constant.
  • Market demand schedule: The market consists of many individuals who are the consumers of a particular commodity available in the market. Therefore, each of these individuals will have a separate demand schedule.

Additional factors on demand

Price is not the sole factor that determines the demand for a particular product. The demand may also be influenced by shifts in the quality of the products, availability of disposable income, effective advertising, as well as weather patterns.

Price changes in related products or services may also affect demand. If the price of one product rises, the demand for a substitute may also rise, while a decline in the price of a product may increase the demand for its complements. For instance, a surge in the price of one brand of a coffee blender may drive the demand for a cheaper coffee blender provided by a competitor. If the prices of all coffee blenders drop, the demand for coffee, which is a complement to the coffee blender market, may increase as consumers leverage the dropping price in coffee blenders.

3. Uses of demand schedules

Uses of demand schedules

Demand schedules are widely used to forecast sales, draft manufacturing plans, ensure appropriate resources are available to meet demand and set pricing strategies. They summarise the economic impact of how rising prices can influence the demand for a product and vice versa.


Demand schedules play a central role in economics by illustrating the relationship between price and quantity demanded. While factors such as disposable income, marketing, and distribution arrangements influence demand, price remains a key factor. As markets continue to evolve, demand schedules will remain a vital tool for analysing and interpreting consumer demand.

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