CKYC stands for Central Know Your Customer. It is a centralised storehouse of KYC records of customers getting various financial services across institutions, like banks, insurance companies, Non-banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), etc. For financial institutions, this new streamlined process of CKYC has removed the hassle associated with onboarding customers through multiple KYC verifications.
Central KYC registry
The Central Registry of Securitization and Asset Reconstruction and Security Interest in India (CERSAI) is entrusted with keeping the KYC records of customers in a central repository. Maintaining standardised KYC records in a central data pool ensures that the data can be used across different financial institutions, thus providing ease and convenience to customers and institutions.
Features of CKYC
- Customers get a unique 14-digit KYC number linked to their ID for easy access to all identity documents.
- Securely stores customer details electronically, eliminating the need for physical copies.
- Documents undergo thorough inspection and verification before being accepted.
- Changes to KYC details are quickly reflected across all connected institutions, maintaining an up-to-date database.
What is the process of completing CKYC?
The process of getting CKYC done can be broken down into the following steps:
- Find a CKYC service provider: The first step is to find a financial institution or authorized service provider that offers CKYC services.
- Gather required documents: To get your CKYC done, you will need to provide personal information and supporting documents, such as ID proof, address proof and photograph.
- Submit information and documents: Submit your information and supporting documents either physically at the service provider's office or electronically, depending on the provider's process.
- Verification process: The service provider will verify your information and supporting documents to ensure they are accurate and authentic.
- Receiving CKYC number: Once the verification process is complete, you will be issued a unique CKYC number, which you can use to access various financial services in the future.
It is important to note that the process of getting CKYC done may vary depending on the service provider you choose, so it is important to check with them directly for specific details and requirements.
Documents required for CKYC
The following documents are required to complete the Central Know Your Customer (CKYC) process:
- Proof of identity (POI): Any government-issued photo ID, such as Aadhaar Card, passport, driving licence, etc.
- Proof of address (POA): Any government-issued document that establishes your current address, such as Aadhaar Card, passport, driving licence, voter ID, etc.
- Recent passport size photographs.
- PAN card details.
- Bank account details (if applicable).
Note: The exact documents required may vary based on the type of entity and the financial products or services being availed.
How to check CKYC status online?
To check your KYC (Know Your Customer) status online, you can follow these steps:
- Visit the website of the financial institution where you have an account or have done your KYC.
- Look for a section called “KYC” or “Customer Services” or similar.
- Log in to your account using your user ID and password.
- Check for the option to view your KYC status. This may be labeled as “KYC Status,” “KYC Details,” or something similar.
- Click on the option to view your KYC status.
- Your KYC status will be displayed on the screen, indicating whether your KYC is complete or not.
Note: The process for checking KYC status may vary based on the financial institution and their website. If you are unable to find the option, you may contact the customer service for assistance.
How is CKYC beneficial?
CKYC is a one-time process that saves time, and energy. It permits investors to complete their KYC just once. CKYC consistency will enable an investor to execute/manage all elements administered/directed by the Government of India/various controllers (RBI, SEBI, IRDA, and PFRDA) without finishing different KYC conventions.
The benefits of CKYC include:
- Streamlined verification process: CKYC simplifies the KYC process by reducing the number of times an individual has to submit their information.
- Improved security: By centralising customer information, CKYC makes it easier to detect and prevent fraudulent activities.
- Reduced paperwork: CKYC eliminates the need for customers to submit multiple copies of their KYC documents to different entities.
- Improved customer experience: With a centralised database, customers no longer have to go through the hassle of submitting their information repeatedly, saving time and effort.
- Improved data management: CKYC makes it easier for financial institutions to access and manage customer information, improving their overall efficiency.
Types of CKYC accounts
There are four types of CKYC accounts:
- Normal account: This CKYC account is created when you submit any six official documents as proof of identity: PAN, Aadhar, driving licence, Voter Id, passport and NREGA job card.
- Simplified/Low-risk account: Those who cannot submit any of the six official documents can submit Other Valid Documents (OVDs) like utility bills, Aadhaar letter issued by UIDAI and Job Card issued by NREGA signed by a State Government official. as specified by the RBI.
- Small account: Customers with no official documents can open a small CKYC account by submitting a filled-in form with a photograph. These accounts are subject to restrictions in transactions along with limited validity.
- OTP-based eKYC account: This CKYC account is created if you submit an Aadhaar-based PDF file, downloaded from the UIDAI website and enabled by an OTP.
Like the CKYC you have OKYC as well. The difference is, while OKYC allows customers to share their details for KYC verification through offline Aadhaar XML or QR code by visiting UIDAI's website, CKYC is a one-time KYC compliance process to avail of multiple financial services across institutions.
Difference between Normal KYC, eKYC, and CKYC?
KYC (Know Your Customer) is the process of verifying the identity of a customer. The differences between normal KYC, eKYC, and CKYC are:
- Normal KYC: This is the traditional method of KYC, where customers physically visit a financial institution to provide their personal information and identification documents.
- eKYC (Electronic KYC): eKYC is a digital version of the KYC process, where customers submit their information and ID documents electronically. This process can be completed through a mobile app or website.
- CKYC (Central Know Your Customer): CKYC is a centralised database of customer information maintained by the Indian government. Financial institutions can access this database to verify the identity of their customers, reducing the need for customers to submit their information multiple times.
The difference between a Normal KYC, eKYC, and CKYC is as elucidated below:
All companies registered with SEBI, RBI, IRDA, and PFRDA
KYC form and supporting documents
CKYC Form, address proof, ID proof, and a photograph
In-person verification – once the application is submitted
Biometric or OTP based
Documents and application form verified by CERSAI