20/25 Rule in Mutual Fund

The 20/25 rule in mutual funds advises diversifying your investments for better returns and stability in your portfolio.
20/25 Rule in Mutual Fund
3 min read
30 March 2024

The 20/25 rule for mutual funds is a simple and effective way to diversify your portfolio and reduce your risk. It states that you should invest in no more than 20 mutual funds and no more than 25% of your portfolio in any one fund.

This rule helps you avoid overexposure to a single fund or sector, and reduces the complexity and cost of managing your investments too.

How does the 20/25 rule guide mutual fund investments?

  • The 20/25 rule helps you balance your portfolio across different asset classes, such as equity, debt, hybrid, and gold. By investing in a mix of funds that suit your risk profile and financial goals, you can achieve optimal returns and stability.
  • The 20/25 rule helps you diversify your portfolio within each asset class, by spreading your investments across different sectors, industries, themes, and market capitalisations. By investing in a variety of funds that capture different opportunities and trends, you can reduce your dependence on a few stocks or sectors.
  • The 20/25 rule helps you simplify your portfolio by limiting the number of funds you own and the amount you invest in each fund. By investing in a manageable number of funds that cover your investment needs, you can avoid duplication, confusion, and unnecessary expenses.

Why is the 20/25 rule significant in mutual fund strategy?

  • Avoid concentration risk, which is the risk of losing a large portion of your portfolio due to a poor performance of a single fund or sector. By limiting your exposure to any one fund or sector, you can protect your portfolio from extreme volatility and losses.
  • Capture diversification benefits, which are the benefits of owning a portfolio that has a low correlation among its components. By investing in funds that have different risk-return characteristics and respond differently to market conditions, you can reduce your overall risk and enhance your returns.
  • Follow a disciplined approach, which is the key to successful investing. By following a clear and consistent rule for selecting and allocating your funds, you can avoid emotional biases, impulsive decisions, and unnecessary churn.

What are the potential benefits of following the 20/25 rule?

  • Higher returns and lower risk: By investing in a diversified and balanced portfolio of funds, you can capture the best of both worlds: the growth potential of equity funds and the stability of debt funds. You can also benefit from the expertise and research of different fund managers and strategies.
  • Lower costs and higher efficiency: By investing in a limited and optimal number of funds, you can save on the expenses and taxes associated with buying and selling funds. You can also reduce the time and effort required to monitor and review your portfolio.
  • Greater clarity and more confidence: By investing in a simple and effective portfolio of funds, you can have a clear understanding of your investment objectives and outcomes. You can also have a higher confidence in your investment decisions and performance.

How to optimise investments by following the 20/25 rule for mutual funds?

  • Choose funds carefully: You should select funds that match your risk appetite, time horizon, and return expectations. You should also consider the fund’s performance, reputation, and fees.
  • Allocate funds wisely: You should allocate funds according to your asset allocation plan, which should reflect your financial goals and risk tolerance. You should also rebalance your portfolio periodically to maintain your desired allocation.
  • Invest funds regularly: You should invest funds through systematic investment plans (SIPs), which allow you to invest a fixed amount every month or quarter. You should also reinvest your dividends and capital gains to compound your returns.

Frequently asked questions

Is the 20/25 rule suitable for all types of investors?

The 20/25 rule is suitable for investors who want to diversify their portfolio across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks.

How do I determine the right balance within the 20/25 rule?

The right balance within the 20/25 rule depends on your own risk appetite, return expectations, and investment horizon.

Can the 20/25 rule be adapted to changing market conditions?

The 20/25 rule can be adapted to changing market conditions by rebalancing the portfolio periodically or switching to a flexi-cap fund.

Are their variations or alternatives to the 20/25 rule in mutual fund investing?

There are several alternatives to the 20/25 rule, such as these listed below:

  • The 25/25/25/25 rule: Invest 25% each in large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and multi-cap funds.
  • The 30/30/20/20 rule: Invest 30% each in large-cap and mid-cap funds, and 20% each in small-cap and multi-cap funds.
  • The core-satellite approach: Invest 60-70% in a core fund (large-cap or index fund) and 30-40% in satellite funds (mid-cap, small-cap, sectoral, or thematic funds).
Show More Show Less