All You Need to Know About PAN Card

Understand how the PAN card works, why you need it, and how to apply for it.
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2 min read
11 Oct 2023

The PAN card is a necessary identification document for any taxpayer in India. This 10-digit alphanumeric number assigned by the government helps keep all tax-related information tied to one unique PAN. This article explores the types of PAN cards issued, the documents you will require, and how you can apply for a PAN card online. Awareness about the PAN card is likely to make the PAN card less intimidating than it might seem.

If you reside in India and pay taxes, then the PAN card is a must-have identification document for you. The Permanent Account Number or PAN card is a ten-digit alphanumeric number assigned to tax-paying entities across the country. This can include Indian individuals, companies, foreign citizens, and foreign companies.

PAN system of identification in India

The computer-based PAN system assigns each unique taxpayer in India with a unique PAN number. This personalised number stores all tax-related information for the individual or entity. The PAN acts as the key identifier, and nobody on the tax-paying entity can have the same PAN.

What is a PAN card?

Once a PAN number is assigned to an individual or entity, the government issues a physical PAN card. The PAN card includes the cardholder's name, date of birth, father or spouse’s name, photograph, and PAN number. This card can also serve as proof of identity or date of birth in a variety of settings, making it a valuable asset for anyone paying taxes in India.

Types of PAN cards

PAN cards are issued for different tax-paying entities, and the type of card issued depends on the category of the taxpayer. The Indian individual PAN card includes the holder's photograph, signature, authenticity hologram, QR code, date of issue, and PAN number. In contrast, PAN cards issued to companies only provide a hologram, QR code, and the date of issue. Also, the cards for companies include the name and registration date of the company.

Documents required for applying for a PAN card

Whether you are an individual, part of a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), company, or trustee, you will require specific documents while applying for a PAN card. The applicant needs to attach the correct proof of identity and address documents, as required by the relevant category entity. The proof of identity must include documents like an Aadhaar card, voter ID, driving license, etc. Similarly, proof of address such as utility bills, bank account statements, or a passport should also be submitted.

How to apply for a PAN card in India?

Applying for a PAN card is now more comfortable than ever before. You can follow these easy steps to apply for a PAN card online:

  1. Visit the official website of either NSDL or UTIITSL.
  2. Fill out the requisite details, including your name, date of birth, phone number, email ID, and residential address.
  3. Choose the type of PAN card that applies to you – individual, company, foreign citizen, or foreign company.
  4. Attach relevant documents based on your cross-country location and category of the taxpayer.
  5. Pay the applicable fees using online modes of payment like debit card, credit card, or net banking.
  6. Submit the application and note down the acknowledgement number received from the website.
  7. Track the application status by visiting the same site that you applied through.

Why is eligibility document verification crucial and how does a PAN card help?

When an individual or an entity applies for a PAN card, the eligibility documents provided are verified to determine the validity of the application. The PAN card helps individuals and entities prove their identity and date of birth, essential for various purposes. This unique identification number assigned through the PAN system is essential in opening bank accounts, applying for loans, buying and selling property, and filing Income Tax Returns in India.

In conclusion, a PAN card is a valuable asset to have as long as individuals or entities pay taxes in India. The verification process of the eligibility document is crucial while applying for a PAN card. Relevant documents must be attached to the application. The PAN card application process is simple and convenient, and applicants can track the status of their PAN card through the official websites of NSDL or UTIITSL.


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Frequently asked questions

Can I check my PAN card details?

Yes, you can check your PAN card details online through the official website of the Income Tax Department or by using the PAN verification service.

Is PAN card download free?

Yes, the download of an e-PAN card is free of charge. You can obtain it from the official NSDL or UTIITSL websites.

Can I apply for a PAN card online?

Yes, you can apply for a PAN card online through the official websites of NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited) or UTIITSL (UTI Infrastructure Technology and Services Limited).

How to download PVC PAN card?

Currently, only e-PAN cards are available for download online. If you are referring to the physical PVC PAN card, it will be sent to your registered address via mail by the authorities after successful application and processing.

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