What Happens When You Withdraw from Your Fixed Deposit Prematurely

Learn about the consequences of breaking your Fixed Deposit (FD) before its maturity.

4 mins
28 August 2023

You may find yourself wanting to prematurely withdraw from your fixed deposit account due to an unforeseen expense or emergency. In such cases, it is essential to know the financial consequences of breaking your FD.

1. Closure penalties and lower interest rates

The rate of interest offered on fixed deposits tends to be higher for longer tenures. An FD with a longer tenure is set to fetch you better returns than a shorter-term FD this is because of the power of compounding. As you can see, a 4-year FD can yield returns up to 8.05% p.a., whereas a 1-year FD would offer 7.40% p.a. which is lower than the former. Also, if you wish to prematurely withdraw your FD, you will be charged interest as per the rate on the day of opening your account for the actual period your account was open.

2. Interest rates on a new FD may not be as good as your old one

In certain economic climates, interest rates on FDs may drop, and there is no guarantee that they will be as high as they were on the date you opened your account. Therefore, you are making yourself susceptible to lower interest rates by prematurely withdrawing your FD, should you wish to reopen an FD again shortly. What’s more, many financial institutions such as Bajaj Finance offer you assured returns that are immune to market fluctuations, so it is in your best interest to think deeply before withdrawing prematurely.

3. Changing FDs for a higher interest rate does not always pay

If you plan on closing your FD to reinvest the money with another issuer offering you a higher rate of interest, it will benefit you to first calculate the amount of money you would lose in premature withdrawal fees and lower interest. In most cases, once you have taken these fees into account, you may find that the new FD will offer you the same or sometimes lower returns on investment.

4. For immediate cash, it may be better to take a loan against your FD

If you need immediate financial assistance, it may be better for you to avail of a loan against your FD rather than break the FD. Loans against FDs offer you far better interest rates than personal loans. Most issuers will set the interest rate at one or two percent higher than the FD interest rate. What is more, with your FD still intact, you can continue to earn interest.

With Bajaj Finserv, your loan amounts, card limits and insurance is already approved. All you must do is simply share a few details and get money in bank with 1-step verification. You can check your pre-approved offer here.

A fixed deposit that offers you assured returns at competitive interest rates is a long-term investment that should not be broken lightly. If you require immediate funds, a loan taken against the FD is a far more financially prudent solution. If this does not work for you, you can easily withdraw your FD before maturity by making an easy online application. Choose an issuer who has a simple process of premature withdrawal to ensure that you have the liquidity you desire during your time of need.


As regards deposit taking activity of Bajaj Finance Ltd (BFL), the viewers may refer to the advertisement in the Indian Express (Mumbai Edition) and Loksatta (Pune Edition) furnished in the application form for soliciting public deposits or refer https://www.bajajfinserv.in/fixed-deposit-archives
The company is having a valid Certificate of Registration dated March 5, 1998 issued by the Reserve Bank of India under section 45 IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. However, the RBI does not accept any responsibility or guarantee about the present position as to the financial soundness of the company or for the correctness of any of the statements or representations made or opinions expressed by the company and for repayment of deposits/discharge of the liabilities by the company.

For the FD calculator the actual returns may vary slightly if the Fixed Deposit tenure includes a leap year.