Rounding-off in Mutual Funds

Rounding-off is a mechanism designed to provide a more precise reflection of the market value of assets within a fund. Read the article to explore more.
Rounding-off in Mutual Funds
3 mins read

Mutual Funds serve as collective investment schemes, gathering funds from a wide array of investors to invest in a diversified selection of stocks, bonds, and other financial securities. Each investor owns shares, which represent a portion of the holdings of the fund. Professional fund managers oversee mutual funds, strategically allocating investments with the goal of generating capital gains or income for the investors in the fund. The value of a mutual fund's shares is determined by the performance of the securities it decides to buy or sell.

Meaning of round off in mutual funds

Rounding off in mutual funds refers to the practice of adjusting the Net Asset Value (NAV) of mutual fund shares to a certain number of decimal places before it is reported or applied in transactions. In India, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) mandates that the NAV of mutual funds be rounded off to the nearest paisa, i.e., two decimal places. This standardisation helps in simplifying the calculation of the value of investments and the amount to be redeemed or purchased.

Transactions in mutual funds are executed based on the Net Asset Value (NAV), which is subject to daily variations reflecting the end-of-day market values of the assets held. For instance, if an investor decides to put Rs. 1,200 into a mutual fund where the NAV stands at Rs. 20, the investor would be allocated exactly 60 units. As a result, the precise investment amount becomes Rs. 1,200. Any minuscule difference, typically a matter of a few paise, is retained by the mutual fund company. Thus, the investment might slightly vary, giving the investor marginally more or less based on these fractional unit calculations.

Need for rounding off in mutual funds

Previously, the approach to calculating the Net Asset Value (NAV) for selling and buying prices within mutual funds varied significantly. Some funds used identical formulas for both selling and buying prices, while others employed distinct methods for each. This inconsistency resulted in confusion for investors, leading to discrepancies in payment amounts and the allocation of fund units.

To clarify and standardise the process, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) intervened in 2002. SEBI's directive required all mutual funds to employ a uniform method for calculating NAV, including its rounding off. This reform was aimed at eliminating investor confusion and ensuring a consistent and transparent calculation process across all mutual funds, thereby facilitating a more straightforward investment experience.

The rounding off process in mutual funds is crucial for several reasons:

  • Simplification: It simplifies the calculation for investors, making it easier to understand and calculate returns on their investments.

  • Uniformity: Ensures uniformity across the industry, allowing for fair comparison among different mutual funds.

  • Operational Efficiency: Enhances operational efficiency for fund houses and reduces the chances of errors in calculating NAVs, purchase, and redemption amounts.

Applicability of round off on various types of mutual funds

The rounding-off rule applies universally across all types of mutual funds in India, including equity funds, debt funds, hybrid funds, and solution-oriented funds. Regardless of the fund type, the NAV is rounded off to two decimal places, ensuring consistency and fairness in the valuation process for all mutual fund investments.

Calculation of loads on mutual funds

Fees known as loads are imposed by mutual fund companies for either entering or leaving a mutual fund scheme. In India, the practice of charging entry loads has been discontinued for some time, leaving only exit loads as a fee applied to mutual funds today.

Following the regulations set forth by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), exit loads are calculated as a fraction of the Net Asset Value (NAV). SEBI's regulations further stipulate that the exit load must be applied to the NAV for determining the selling or buying price of a mutual fund share.

To illustrate this principle with an example, consider an exit load of 1.5% applied to a NAV of Rs 150.

  • The selling price would then be Rs. 152.25
  • Conversely, the buying price would be adjusted to Rs. 147.75

This mechanism ensures that the costs associated with the buying or selling of mutual fund shares are transparent and directly tied to the fund's performance, as reflected in its NAV.


The practice of rounding off in mutual funds in India plays a vital role in ensuring simplicity, uniformity, and operational efficiency in mutual fund transactions. It affects various aspects of mutual fund operations, from NAV calculation to the assessment of loads. By standardising the NAV to two decimal places, the mutual fund industry offers a more accessible and comprehensible framework for investors, making it easier to manage and evaluate their investments.

Platforms like the Bajaj Finserv Mutual Fund Platform serve as a bridge, connecting investors with a diverse range of investment opportunities, including access to over 1000 mutual fund schemes. The Bajaj Finserv Platform stands out by offering a wide array of investment options, along with the option of comparing mutual funds facilitating informed decision-making for investors keen on exploring both public and private fund opportunities.

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Frequently asked questions

What is rounding off NAV?

Rounding off NAV, or Net Asset Value, in mutual funds is the process of adjusting the NAV to a specified number of decimal places, typically two, for simplicity and standardisation across financial reports and transactions. This practice ensures clarity and uniformity in the calculation of mutual fund unit prices and investment values.

Are funds rounded off for NAV?

Yes, funds are rounded off for NAV. The process involves adjusting the Net Asset Value of mutual funds to a specific number of decimal places, usually two, to ensure consistency and ease of calculation across all financial transactions and reporting.

What is the rule of rounding off?

The rule of rounding off typically involves adjusting figures to the nearest value based on a predetermined number of decimal places. In financial contexts, this often means rounding to two decimal places to simplify calculations and improve readability of financial statements and transactions.

Is rounding off mandatory?

Yes, rounding off is mandatory in certain contexts, especially in financial reporting and transactions, including the calculation of Net Asset Value (NAV) for mutual funds. Regulatory bodies, such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), may mandate rounding off to standardise financial practices and ensure clarity.

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