How to Claim Fixed Deposit After Death

Read our guide on withdrawing a fixed deposit after the untimely death of the investor.
4 mins
20 September 2023

A fixed deposit is a low-risk investment option that can help your wealth grow and finance your life after retirement. Putting money into an FD account offers a low level of risk and ensures a guaranteed return. Some banks offer higher interest rates on their FDs compared to standard savings accounts. These accounts can be opened either jointly or individually.

In certain situations, the primary account holder may pass away before the FD reaches its maturity date. In such instances, it is crucial for family members to be aware of the procedure for claiming both the initial deposit and the accrued interest. The process for claiming the funds will differ depending on the specific type of FD account. Here’s what you need to know about claiming the investment. The process is different for different types of FD.

Holding Patterns and Nominees in an FD

When you open a Fixed Deposit account, you can do it alone or with others. If you choose to open a joint account, you have different ways to manage it. Here are the common options:

  • Either or survivor: Only two people can open this account. The bank or financial institution will follow instructions even if only one of the joint account holders requests it.
  • Anyone or survivor: More than two individuals can open this account. The bank or financial institution will act on instructions from any one of the joint account holders.
  • Former or survivor: Only the main account holder can use the account. The secondary account holder can only use it after the main account holder passes away.
  • Latter or survivor: Only the secondary account holder can use the account. The main account holder can only use it after the secondary account holder passes away.
  • Joint: All account holders must sign any request to operate the account.
  • Jointly or survivor: Like "Joint," but if one account holder dies, the survivor can still use the account.
  • Nominee: In the Fixed Deposit, nominee is the authorized person to claim the principal and interest amount in case the FD account holder passes away.

FD Maturity Claims After the Death of the Account Holder

Here are the common types of FD accounts and the processes that you will need to follow.

Joint accounts

  • Either or survivor option
    In the event of the death of the first account holder, the second holder gets the FD amount. However, in the event of the death of the second holder, you can delete their name from the FD and add another second holder. Preserve and grow your wealth comfortably by investing in Bajaj Finance Fixed Deposit.

Individual account

  • Single holding with nomination
    A single holding account means only the holder can perform all the actions related to the FD. The nominee’s authority is limited to receiving the funds in event of the holder’s death.

  • Single holding without nomination
    This is a pure single-holder account, which means that only the holder has access. In event of the death of the holder, the family members will have to go through a few formalities such as providing certain documents including a will or succession certificate to receive the funds.

You can easily calculate your returns by using the fixed deposit calculator.

Process to Claim the Fixed Deposit Amount

1. Contact the FD provider to get information about the account type
2. Submit the following documents:

  • Claim form
  • Death certificate
  • Succession certificate
  • Indemnity bond

3. Choose to continue with the FD or liquidate it

Bear in mind that while you may want to liquidate the FD before the lapse of the tenor, the final decision rests with the FD provider.

To make this process easier, it is important to be aware of the type of FD account to choose. Select a trusted family member as the nominee and inform them about the terms governing your FD. It is also advisable to keep a record of all investments and bank details in one place so that your family can easily access all the information.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is the deceased FD account settlement disbursed?

The settlement of a deceased FD account is disbursed to the nominee or legal heir after providing the required documents, which may include a death certificate, identity proofs, and a claim application.

What is the time limit for settlement of claims in respect of deceased depositors?

The time limit for settlement of claims in respect of deceased depositors can vary but generally takes a few weeks to a few months, depending on the financial institution and the completeness of documentation provided.

Can I appoint more than one nominee for my FD account?

No, You can appoint only one nominee against a single FD.

Is it compulsory to appoint a nominee for FD?

It's not compulsory to appoint a nominee for an FD, but it is a recommended and prudent practice to ensure a smooth transfer of the deposit in case of the account holder's demise.

Can an FD account holder appoint a nominee if they did not do so in the beginning?

Yes, an FD account holder can appoint a nominee even if they didn't do so initially by submitting a nominee declaration form to the bank or financial institute.

Can an FD account holder change the nominee?

Yes, an FD account holder can change the nominee at any time by submitting a request and providing the necessary documentation as required by the bank.

Can I appoint my father as nominee for my FD?

Yes, you can appoint your father as the nominee for your FD account if you wish to do so.

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As regards deposit taking activity of Bajaj Finance Ltd (BFL), the viewers may refer to the advertisement in the Indian Express (Mumbai Edition) and Loksatta (Pune Edition) furnished in the application form for soliciting public deposits or refer
The company is having a valid Certificate of Registration dated March 5, 1998 issued by the Reserve Bank of India under section 45 IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. However, the RBI does not accept any responsibility or guarantee about the present position as to the financial soundness of the company or for the correctness of any of the statements or representations made or opinions expressed by the company and for repayment of deposits/discharge of the liabilities by the company.

For the FD calculator the actual returns may vary slightly if the Fixed Deposit tenure includes a leap year.