What is loan amortisation

Read this detailed guide to understand the meaning and importance of loan amortisation.
What is loan amortisation
5 min read
25 July 2023

Amortisation refers to the process of gradually reducing or paying off a loan over a specific period through regular or fixed payments. These payments typically consist of both the principal amount borrowed and the accrued interest. The purpose of amortisation is to ensure that borrowers can repay their debts in a systematic and manageable way, spreading out the financial burden over time.

What is loan amortisation?

In the context of personal loans, amortisation plays a crucial role in determining the structure of your repayment plan. When you take out a loan, the lender calculates the total amount borrowed (the principal) and establishes the interest rate. The loan duration over which the loan will be repaid is also set. You are then required to make regular, usually monthly, payments over the agreed-upon loan term. Each payment comprises two components:

Principal payment: This portion of the payment goes towards reducing the amount borrowed. As the borrower makes successive payments, the remaining principal decreases gradually.

Interest payment: The second component is the interest accrued on the remaining principal balance. In the early stages of the loan, a larger portion of the payment is allocated to interest, while the rest pays down the principal. As time goes on, the interest portion decreases as the principal balance reduces.

What are the types of amortising loans?

There are several types of amortising loans, each tailored to different borrowing needs and circumstances. The common characteristic among all these loans is that they involve regular, fixed payments comprising both principal and interest, resulting in the gradual reduction of the debt over time. Personal loans, auto loans, student loans, business loans, and mortgage loans are some of the most prevalent types of amortising loans.

What is an amortisation schedule?

An amortisation schedule is a detailed table that outlines the repayment plan for a loan or debt over its entire term. It provides a breakdown of each periodic payment, typically every month, showing the distribution of the payment between the principal amount and the interest charged. The schedule is designed to give borrowers a clear understanding of how their loans will be paid off over time and how much they need to pay in each instalment.

Amortisation is an essential financial concept that allows borrowers to manage their debts in a structured and predictable manner. By breaking down the total debt into regular payments, it ensures that borrowers can meet their financial obligations without facing undue strain. Whether it's buying a home, financing a car, or taking out a personal loan, understanding amortisation empowers individuals to make informed financial decisions and work towards a more secure future.


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