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Symptoms of Kidney Stones & its Preventions

  • Highlights

  • Kidney stones are hard deposits of salts within the kidneys

  • Proper hydration and healthy eating can help prevent them

  • If stones form and symptoms worsen, surgery may be needed

  • Pay for kidney stone treatment with the Health EMI Network Card

Over the course of your life, you may be susceptible to or develop a number of health conditions that show no symptoms whatsoever. Nephrolithiasis or kidney stones are a good example of this and unlike what the name suggests, they can affect any part of the body’s urinary tract. This leads us to the common question, what are the symptoms of kidney problems? While the first signs of kidney stone itself are a clear indicator, symptoms are only felt when the deposit moves into the ureter and by then, it requires medical treatment to avoid complications.

If left unchecked, kidney stone symptoms in women and men worsen over time and may even require surgery. In order to avoid this and to address the fact that patients who develop kidney stones experience no symptoms, your best bet is to understand the condition better. This way, you can prepare for it and be aware of subtle signs.

Here is a detailed breakdown of kidney stones and their treatment avenues.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are hard deposits of salts and minerals that crystallise within the kidney. They are usually made up of uric acid or calcium in combination with several other compounds. The size of these deposits vary and they can grow up to the size of the entire kidney, if left untreated. This is the worst-case scenario; however, the discomfort can be felt after they grow just a few inches. At this stage, they typically move into the ureter and common urine stone symptoms may start to surface.

However, before getting into the details, it is important to understand what causes kidney stones. The most common cause is dehydration. Not getting sufficient water on a daily basis increases the risk of developing such stones. However, this isn’t the only reason. Here is a list of the other factors that are responsible for the formation of kidney stones.

Reasons for Kidney Stone:

  • High-sodium diet

  • Family history

  • Hyperparathyroidism

  • Medication

  • Supplements

  • Digestive disease

  • Obesity

Types of Kidney Stones

Given that kidney stones have multiple causes, knowing the type of kidney stone affecting you helps understanding the cause conclusively. This way, doctors can advise you on treatment and what to do to prevent the creation of similar stones in the future. Here are the different types of kidney stones.

1. Uric acid stones:

These form when there is too much fluid loss, either due to medical conditions or diet. In some cases, these can also be due to genetic factors.

2. Cystine stones:

Those with the hereditary disorder of cystinuria develop these types of kidney stones.

3. Calcium stones:

These are the most common type of kidney stones and are caused by excess calcium or oxalate in urine.

4. Struvite stones:

These kidney stones develop as a reaction to an existing urinary tract infection and become larger more quickly than other types of stones.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

When it comes to kidney stone symptoms, female and male patients experience many similarities. While pregnancy does increase the risk of women developing these stones, the symptoms vary only minutely. For instance, men are more likely to feel the pain associated with kidney stones all the way down in the groin.

Here are the kidney stone symptoms in women and men:

  1. Nausea

  2. Bloody urine

  3. Severe pain

  4. Fever

  5. Foul-smelling urine

  6. Low urine volume

  7. Pus in urine

  8. Burning feeling during urination

How To Prevent Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones can pass naturally and leave the body without causing complications, but this isn’t always the case. So, prevention is key. The first step to get enough water and stay adequately hydrated throughout the day. This helps flush the kidneys and keep them from developing unwanted deposits. Secondly, look into your diet and check for excess oxalate-rich foods, animal protein or high sodium content. These are all known dietary factors that you can easily limit to prevent the formation of kidney stones. Lastly, if you have a family history of kidney stones, visit a specialist to get checked. Genetic factors can be helped with medication but to prevent stones, you need to do so before they start forming and cause problems.

Get Kidney Stones Treatment on EMIs with the Bajaj Finserv Health EMI Network Card

Now that you have an answer to what are the symptoms of kidney problems, plan your next steps smartly. Keep in mind that both the symptoms of a stone and the kidney stone itself are easily treatable, especially if detected early. This is due to the fact that a stone can pass naturally through the body when it is small in size. Typically, the treatment involves medication, but based on the severity, procedures like tunnel surgery, lithotripsy or an ureteroscopy may be required. Most doctors also suggest diagnostic exams such as urine, blood and imaging tests as well as an analysis of passed stones.

These treatments and tests can together add up to a hefty sum, but with the Bajaj Finserv Digital Health EMI Network Card, you can handle these medical bills affordably. With this digital card in your smartphone, you can convert heath costs into No Cost EMIs, and repay the bill over a flexible tenor ranging up to 24 months. What’s more, you have access to a pre-approved limit of up to Rs.4 lakh that you can use to avail a range of treatments for yourself and your family at over 5,500 healthcare partners in the country. This helps you to take care of your health conveniently and without delay.

In fact, for diagnostic care related to kidney stones, you can avail special offers with the card such as:

Partner Name Category Offer Offer valid till
Apollo Pharmacy Diagnostic care Instant discount of up to 15%.
Use code: Bajaj Health Card - 7089
31-03-2021
Metropolis Diagnostic care 20% discount on in-house pathology tests at Metropolis outlets & on home visits  
Medlife Diagnostic care Flat 30% off on all medicines + 10% cashback on Bajaj Finserv Wallet App
Use code: BAJAJ30
31-03-2021

Take advantage of all these benefits and more with the Digital Health EMI Network Card, and beware of kidney stones. To get the card today, apply for health card online and avail instant activation too!

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