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Malaria Cases on the Rise: Know About Symptoms, Causes And Prevention

  • Highlights

  • Malaria is a dangerous vector-borne disease

  • It is caused by five types of Plasmodium parasites

  • Severe cases of malaria can be fatal

  • An insurance policy that covers malaria can help with treatment costs

Malaria is a vector-borne disease and a major public health problem in India. In 2017, there were about 9.6 million malaria cases and more than 16,000 deaths reported in the country due to this disease.

Take a look at some more details about malaria, its causes, symptoms and treatment.

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a disease transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito belonging to the Anopheles genus. In severe cases, the disease can be life-threatening.

Causes of Malaria

The Malaria disease is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The mosquito is a carrier that transmits the parasite. On entering your body, the parasite travels to your liver and matures there. After a few days, the matured parasite enters your bloodstream and infects your red blood cells. It multiplies rapidly within 48 to 72 hours and the infected cells burst open to spread the infection.

Types of Malaria

There are five types of Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria in humans.

  • Plasmodium falciparum

  • Plasmodium vivax

  • Plasmodium ovale

  • Plasmodium malariae

  • Plasmodium knowlesi

Of these, Plasmodium falciparum is the most dangerous and can lead to fatal consequences.

Prevention of Malaria

Mosquitoes infected by malaria are most active between dusk and dawn. For prevention of malaria, be extra cautious during these hours of the day. You can take the following measures to reduce the risk of contraction.

  • Cover your skin as much as possible. Wear full-sleeved clothes or sleep under a blanket.

  • Apply mosquito repellent that contains DEET. Use a mosquito spray that contains permethrin for your clothes.

  • Use mosquito nets to create a barrier between you and insects.

  • If you are travelling to a mosquito-ridden destination, visit your doctor in advance for preventive medicines.

Malaria Symptoms

The symptoms of malaria occur in cycles of two to three days. Following are the common malaria symptoms you should watch out for.

  • Cough

  • Headache

  • Fever

  • Fatigue

  • Chills

  • Nausea

  • Sweating

  • Vomiting

  • Abdominal pain

  • Muscle pain

  • Chest pain

Generally, the signs and symptoms of malaria appear a few weeks after an infected mosquito bites you. You may start with chills and shivers and then get a high fever and start sweating. However, it’s also possible that you don’t see any signs of malaria for a long time as certain types of malaria parasites stay inactive for up to a year.

Treatment of malaria

As of now, there is no vaccination for the treatment of malaria disease. It is treated using various types of anti-malarial medications depending on the type of malarial parasite you are infected by. Quick diagnosis and proper treatment can lead to full recovery.

While taking measures for prevention of malaria is important, it’s also necessary to safeguard your finances in case you have to bear the cost of treatment. The Dengue Cover offered by Bajaj Finserv also provides coverage for vector-borne diseases like dengue and malaria. You can access a high coverage of up to Rs. 50,000 for a range of treatment expenses incurred before, after, and during hospitalisation. This policy offers coverage for buying medicines, diagnostic tests, hospitalisation, as well as doctor’s fees, so you don’t have to worry about dipping into your savings. What’s more, you get this policy for a premium of just Rs. 299 per year.

Dengue Cover comes under the umbrella of Pocket Insurance & Subscriptions that includes tailor-made plans to meet the high costs of treatment. It is an affordable solution that offers monetary coverage for a specific purpose, which conventional insurance providers do not cater to. The premium is extremely pocket-friendly and buying this insurance policy is also very simple. All you have to do is fill an online form and make the payment. Apply now to ensure that you and your finances remain in the pink of health.

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