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Dengue Fever: Symptoms, Causes, And Preventive Measures play

  • Highlights

  • Dengue is caused by a virus transmitted via mosquitoes

  • Dengue cases have increased by 300% from 2009 to 2017

  • Blood transfusion may be required in severe cases

  • Buy a Dengue Insurance Policy to get adequate coverage

Dengue is one of the most common diseases in India and impacts the majority of people every year across the country. Moreover, the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that around 400 million dengue infections occur worldwide every year.

Vector-borne diseases, such as dengue, can attack anyone, but individuals with weak immune systems are more critical to these. Dengue symptoms can be severe or mild. And delayed treatment can be dangerous.

Read to know the dengue fever symptoms, causes, and preventive measures.

Dengue Symptoms

Usually, dengue fever symptoms are less dangerous in younger children, especially those affected for the first time. Adults, older kids, and those affected previously may experience moderate symptoms. The symptoms can start anywhere from 4 days to 2 weeks and last for 2-7 days. The symptoms vary in individuals. It isn’t contagious. However, if the treatment is delayed, it can lead to a dangerous situation. Hence, it is crucial to get an early diagnosis and proper medical attention.

Take a look at the several symptoms of dengue:

  • Sudden high fever

  • Severe joint and muscle pain

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Mild bleeding

  • Pain behind the eyes

  • Fatigue

  • Skin rash

  • Severe headaches

  • Swollen lymph nodes

  • Easy bruising

In many cases, people mistake the dengue symptoms with flu or viral infection. However, it can be detected by a simple blood test and accordingly, the medical professionals treat the infection.

There is no certain dengue fever treatment available for individuals. However, if the symptoms are not serious, they can be managed with substantial fluids to prevent dehydration and rest. Besides, people with severe symptoms and deteriorating health conditions need proper medical attention at the earliest.

What are the Causes of Dengue?

Dengue is caused by the dengue virus (DENV). There are four types of this virus, which are DENV-1, DENV2, DENV-3, and DENV- 4.

Dengue is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. This vector-borne disease is not communicable. It is transmitted by two types of mosquitoes named Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, which can be found across the world and are common both in and around human residence.

When a mosquito bites a dengue virus-infected person, the virus enters the mosquito’s body. Then, when the affected mosquito bites another person, the virus from the mosquito’s body enters the person’s bloodstream and causes the infection.

After recovering from dengue fever, the affected person builds long-term immunity to the virus. However, they are not immune to the other three types of dengue virus. It means individuals can be affected in the future by the other three types of viruses. The risk factor is increased if the individual is impacted with the fever for the second, third, or fourth time.

Stages of Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever Treatment

There are no certain treatments for dengue fever. However, you must immediately seek medical intervention. Individuals need proper rest and must consult their doctors from time to time. If you feel worse within 24 hours after the fever goes down, you should immediately visit a hospital for a proper check-up. The treatment of dengue depends on the infected’s physical condition and will vary accordingly by the doctor’s discretion.

Prevention of Dengue

One of the common ways to prevent dengue is to avoid mosquito bites. Unfortunately, there are no vaccines to avert the general population from getting affected by dengue fever. However, to protect you from getting infected by dengue mosquitoes, you can follow the preventive measures listed below:

  • Prevent mosquito breeding by properly disposing of solid waste and covering, emptying, and cleaning domestic water storage containers.

  • Individuals should use mosquito repellents even indoors

  • When going outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants

  • Ensure that the window and door screens are secure and without holes. Individuals must use mosquito nets in their sleeping areas.

Individuals must avoid places where mosquitoes breed to minimise their population.

Since dengue fever can be fatal, individuals require quality treatment at the earliest to cure the illness. Moreover, in case of hospitalisation, individuals need urgent monetary assistance for hospital-related charges and the best medical attention.

In such cases, if individuals are seeking financial coverage against dengue, they can apply for Bajaj Finserv Dengue Cover, available under Pocket Insurance and Subscriptions that extends a higher financial coverage limit of up to Rs. 50,000 at an affordable premium. Apart from these, proposers can enjoy various other benefits, including coverage for hospital room rent, medication, diagnostic tests, etc.

Disclaimer - "Conditions apply. This product is offered under the Group Insurance scheme wherein Bajaj Finance Limited is the Master policyholder. The insurance coverage is provided by our partner Insurance Company. Bajaj Finance Limited does not underwrite the risk. IRDAI Corporate Agency Registration Number CA0101. The above-mentioned benefits and premium amount are subject to various factors such as age of insured, lifestyle habits, health, etc (if applicable). BFL does NOT hold any responsibility for the issuance, quality, serviceability, maintenance and any claims post sale. This product provides insurance coverage. Purchase of this product is purely voluntary in nature. BFL does not compel any of its customers to mandatorily purchase any third-party products."

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