The WHO (World Health Organisation) characterised COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019), whose origin is traced to China’s Wuhan city in Hubei province, as a pandemic on 11th March 2020.
In India, COVID-19 case count as well as death toll have been increasing every day. Take a look at the critical details related to this disease for enhanced safety during this fast-moving and one of the most potent health crises.
COVID-19 is a highly communicable disease caused by a novel strain of the Coronavirus family, SARS-CoV-2, previously unidentified in humans. The disease results in infection to the respiratory tract, including the upper throat, nose, sinuses, windpipe as well as lungs, in the human body.
The disease primarily spreads through human-to-human contact, both direct and indirect. Infections through Coronavirus can result in mild to severe health conditions.
Due to its novel nature, the human body lacks immunity response, which is one of the primary reasons for millions succumbing to the deadly Coronavirus infection. Also, various vaccines for COVID-19 are in their trial phase globally, at different stages of testing and development. Thus, in the absence of a prescribed cure, individuals must undertake necessary preventive measures to stop the spread of the virus.
Some common signs and symptoms of Coronavirus include –
As the virus strains may affect individuals across various demographics and at varying degrees, healthcare professionals have also identified some less common yet identifiable co-morbid Coronavirus symptoms.
They include –
Some common factors that can lead to Coronavirus infection are mentioned below.
Although researchers continue to work on accurate identification of Coronavirus spread and transmission, the factors mentioned above are the common causes leading to a quick transmission of COVID-19 and similar infections.
Diagnosis for COVID-19 is most commonly done via a swab test, with the swab sample collected from the upper respiratory tract via the nasal cavity or throat. As virus infestation in the early stages is present in the upper respiratory tract, it is easy to arrive at an accurate diagnosis result with the sample collected from there.
Individuals with a risk of exposure and virus transmission can approach a doctor if they observe signs like –
With rapid testing performed in various states across India, over 70,000 cases of infection is being reported almost every day.
For a better understanding of how is Coronavirus diagnosed, know that it is done via two methods to undertake effective measures –
While the former helps identify whether an individual is currently infected or not, the latter is a more potent way to identify if someone has been ever exposed to the virus. This method of diagnosis helps identify risk potency and exercise control from further spread.
Once diagnosed, individuals are administered treatment based on the severity of such infection.
The following prevention methods can help individuals remain safe and reduce the risks of COVID-19 contagion.
Undertake essential measures to ensure Coronavirus transmission is minimised. If there are symptoms, stay in self-isolation for a minimum of two weeks, and avail immediate treatment if the symptoms of the disease are identifiable. While there is no known Coronavirus cure, on-time diagnosis reduces the chances of severe ailments, ensuring fast and steady recovery.
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